Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Sociodemographic Characteristics Associated with Contacts to Emergency Medical Services and Out-of-Hours Primary Care: An Observational Study of 2.3 Million Citizens

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


  1. Positive Predictive Value of ICD-10 Diagnosis Codes for COVID-19

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. The association between rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, renal replacement therapy, and mortality

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Identification of Patients with New-Onset Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction in Danish Administrative Registers

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Cardiovascular comorbidities as predictors for severe COVID-19 infection or death

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Strategies to handle increased demand in the COVID-19 crisis: A coronavirus EMS support track and a web-based self-triage system

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Smartphone Activation of Citizen Responders to Facilitate Defibrillation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Morten Breinholt Søvsø
  • Bodil Hammer Bech
  • Helle Collatz Christensen
  • Linda Huibers
  • Erika Frischknecht Christensen
  • Morten Bondo Christensen
Vis graf over relationer

Background: Out-of-hours (OOH) health care services are often divided into emergency medical services (EMS) and OOH primary care (OOH-PC). EMS and many OOH-PC use telephone triage, yet the patient still makes the initial choice of contacting a service and which service. Sociodemographic characteristics are associated with help-seeking. Yet, differences in characteristics for EMS and OOH-PC patients have not been investigated in any large-scale cohort studies. Such knowledge may contribute to organizing OOH services to match patient needs. Thus, in this study we aimed to explore which sociodemographic patient characteristics were associated with utilizing OOH health care and to explore which sociodemographic characteristics were associated with EMS or OOH-PC contact.

Methods: A population-based observational cohort study of inhabitants in two regions (North Denmark Region and Capital Region of Copenhagen) with or without contact to OOH services during 2016 was conducted. Associations between sociodemographic characteristics and OOH contacts (and EMS versus OOH-PC contact) were evaluated by regression analyses.

Results: We identified 619,857 patients with OOH contact. Female sex (IRR=1.16 (95% CI: 1.16-1.17)), non-western ethnicity (IRR=1.02 (95% CI: 1.01-1.02)), living alone (IRR=1.08 (95% CI: 1.08-1.09)), age groups ≥81 years (IRR=2.00 (95% CI: 1.98-2.02)) and 0-18 years (IRR=1.66 (95% CI: 1.66-1.67)) and low income (IRR=1.41 (95% CI: 1.40-1.42)) were more likely to contact OOH health care compared to males, Danish ethnicity, citizens cohabitating, age 31-65 years and high income. Disability pensioners more often contacted OOH care (IRR=1.79 (95% CI: 1.77-1.81) compared to employees. Old age (≥81 years) (OR=3.21 (95% CI: 3.13-3.30)), receiving cash benefits (OR=2.45 (95% CI: 2.36-2.54)), low income (OR=1.76 (95% CI: 1.72-1.81)) and living alone (OR=1.40 (95% CI: 1.37-1.42)) were all associated with EMS contacts rather than OOH-PC contacts.

Conclusion: Several sociodemographic factors were associated with contacting a health care service outside office hours and with contacting EMS rather than OOH-PC. Old age, low income, low education and low socioeconomic status were of greatest importance.

TidsskriftClinical Epidemiology
Sider (fra-til)393-401
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 15 apr. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
EFC holds a professorship supported by a grant given by the philanthropic foundation TrygFonden to Aalborg University. MBS received a grant from the philanthropic foundation Helsefonden. MBC and LH received a grant given by the philanthropic foundation TrygFonden. The grants do not restrict any scientific research and the funding body had no role in the design, data collection, analysis, interpretation or writing of the manuscript. The authors report no other competing interests.

ID: 60009130