Background: Anterior communicating artery (AcomA) represents the most common location for ruptured intracranial aneurysms (rIAs). Approximately 50% of all rIAs are smaller than 7 mm, but factors that lead to rupture are multifactorial. The study investigates whether AcomA location represents an independent risk factor for small size at time of rupture (<7 mm) in a cohort of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) when controlling for known risk factors.
Methods: The aSAH cohort was retrospectively searched from our institution charts. The cohort was dichotomized into small aneurysms (<7 mm) or large aneurysms (≥7 mm). Risk factors for rupture were identified according to the unruptured intracranial aneurysm treatment score (UIATS). These were sex, age, location, smoking, hypertension, alcohol abuse, aneurysm morphology, multiplicity, previous SAH, and family history. With size as independent variable, a multiple regression analysis was performed including UIATS risk factors.
Results: One-hundred and seventy-six patients were included in the study. About 49.4% of the aneurysms were <7 mm. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that aneurysms located at AcomA and posterior communicating artery (PcomA) was significantly more frequent smaller than 7 mm, compared to middle cerebral artery (P = 0.006), internal carotid artery (other than PcomA) (P = 0.013), and posterior circulation (P = 0.017), when controlling for risk factors.
Conclusion: Ruptured AcomA and PcomA aneurysms are more frequent smaller than 7 mm compared to other locations. Patients with unruptured UIA at either AcomA or PcomA may be at increased risk of rupture even if the size of the aneurysm is small. Further studies are needed to confirm this finding.