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SMAD4 Protein Expression Is Downregulated in Ileal Epithelial Cells from Patients with Crohn's Disease with Significant Inverse Correlation to Disease Activity

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@article{2f19c65809c24716bf36744c9a645613,
title = "SMAD4 Protein Expression Is Downregulated in Ileal Epithelial Cells from Patients with Crohn's Disease with Significant Inverse Correlation to Disease Activity",
abstract = "Background: Small mothers against decapentaplegic (SMAD)4 and SMAD7 are key regulatory components in the immunosuppressive transforming growth factor- (TGF-) β signaling pathway, which is defective in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SMAD4 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of IBD as indicated in experimental models of colitis.Aims: To examine the ileal expression levels of SMAD4 and to correlate these with CD disease activity.Methods: The material comprised 29 CD patients (13 with active disease, 16 in remission) and 9 asymptomatic patients referred for ileocolonoscopy as part of an adenoma surveillance program serving as controls. Patients were examined with ileocolonoscopy. Corresponding ileal biopsies were obtained for histological analysis and assessment of SMAD4 and SMAD7 protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC).Results: The protein expression of SMAD4 was significantly downregulated in ileal tissue sections from CD patients as compared to healthy controls (p < 0.001). Further, luminal SMAD4 expression was inversely correlated with endoscopic (rs = -0.315; p = 0.05) and histopathological activity (rs = -0.40; p = 0.013).Conclusions: The SMAD4 epithelial protein level was markedly downregulated in CD patients and inversely correlated with disease activity. This may contribute to defective mucosal TGF-β signaling in active IBD.",
author = "Pia Klausen and Karstensen, {John G{\'a}sdal} and Mehmet Coskun and Adrian Săftoiu and Peter Vilmann and Cowland, {Jack Bernard} and Riis, {Lene Buhl}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1155/2018/9307848",
language = "English",
volume = "2018",
pages = "9307848",
journal = "Gastroenterology Research and Practice",
issn = "1687-6121",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - SMAD4 Protein Expression Is Downregulated in Ileal Epithelial Cells from Patients with Crohn's Disease with Significant Inverse Correlation to Disease Activity

AU - Klausen, Pia

AU - Karstensen, John Gásdal

AU - Coskun, Mehmet

AU - Săftoiu, Adrian

AU - Vilmann, Peter

AU - Cowland, Jack Bernard

AU - Riis, Lene Buhl

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background: Small mothers against decapentaplegic (SMAD)4 and SMAD7 are key regulatory components in the immunosuppressive transforming growth factor- (TGF-) β signaling pathway, which is defective in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SMAD4 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of IBD as indicated in experimental models of colitis.Aims: To examine the ileal expression levels of SMAD4 and to correlate these with CD disease activity.Methods: The material comprised 29 CD patients (13 with active disease, 16 in remission) and 9 asymptomatic patients referred for ileocolonoscopy as part of an adenoma surveillance program serving as controls. Patients were examined with ileocolonoscopy. Corresponding ileal biopsies were obtained for histological analysis and assessment of SMAD4 and SMAD7 protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC).Results: The protein expression of SMAD4 was significantly downregulated in ileal tissue sections from CD patients as compared to healthy controls (p < 0.001). Further, luminal SMAD4 expression was inversely correlated with endoscopic (rs = -0.315; p = 0.05) and histopathological activity (rs = -0.40; p = 0.013).Conclusions: The SMAD4 epithelial protein level was markedly downregulated in CD patients and inversely correlated with disease activity. This may contribute to defective mucosal TGF-β signaling in active IBD.

AB - Background: Small mothers against decapentaplegic (SMAD)4 and SMAD7 are key regulatory components in the immunosuppressive transforming growth factor- (TGF-) β signaling pathway, which is defective in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SMAD4 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of IBD as indicated in experimental models of colitis.Aims: To examine the ileal expression levels of SMAD4 and to correlate these with CD disease activity.Methods: The material comprised 29 CD patients (13 with active disease, 16 in remission) and 9 asymptomatic patients referred for ileocolonoscopy as part of an adenoma surveillance program serving as controls. Patients were examined with ileocolonoscopy. Corresponding ileal biopsies were obtained for histological analysis and assessment of SMAD4 and SMAD7 protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC).Results: The protein expression of SMAD4 was significantly downregulated in ileal tissue sections from CD patients as compared to healthy controls (p < 0.001). Further, luminal SMAD4 expression was inversely correlated with endoscopic (rs = -0.315; p = 0.05) and histopathological activity (rs = -0.40; p = 0.013).Conclusions: The SMAD4 epithelial protein level was markedly downregulated in CD patients and inversely correlated with disease activity. This may contribute to defective mucosal TGF-β signaling in active IBD.

U2 - 10.1155/2018/9307848

DO - 10.1155/2018/9307848

M3 - Journal article

VL - 2018

SP - 9307848

JO - Gastroenterology Research and Practice

JF - Gastroenterology Research and Practice

SN - 1687-6121

ER -

ID: 56075558