Single injection combined suprascapular and axillary nerve block. A randomised controlled non-inferiority trial in healthy volunteers

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A shoulder block without lung affection is desirable. In this study, we compared a low versus a high volume of a modified supraclavicular brachial plexus block. We hypothesised that a low volume of local anaesthetic would provide non-inferior block success rate with better preserved lung function.

METHODS: Healthy volunteers were randomised to receive ultrasound guided 5 or 20 ml ropivacaine 0.5% at the departure of the suprascapular nerve from the brachial plexus. Primary outcome was successful shoulder block-defined as cutaneous sensory affection of the axillary nerve and motor affection of the suprascapular nerve (>50% reduction in external rotation force measured with dynamometry). We used a non-inferiority margin of 20%. Secondary outcome was change in lung function measured with spirometry.

RESULTS: Thirteen of 16 (81.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 57.0% to 93.4%) in the 5 ml group and 15 of 16 (93.8%; 95% CI 71.7% to 98.9%) in the 20 ml group had successful shoulder block (p = .6). The ratio of the event rates of the 20 ml (standard) and 5 ml (intervention) groups was (15/16)/(13/16) = 0.937/0.813 = 1.15 (95% CI 0.88 to 1.51). All mean reductions in lung function parameters were non-significantly lower in the 5 ml group compared with the 20 ml group.

CONCLUSION: For our primary outcome, the 95% CI of the difference of event ratio included the non-inferiority margin. We are therefore unable to conclude that 5 ml LA is non-inferior to 20 ml LA with respect to block success rate.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind67
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)104-111
Antal sider8
ISSN0001-5172
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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