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Sildenafil treatment attenuates ventricular remodeling in an experimental model of aortic regurgitation

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BACKGROUND: Currently there is no reliable medical treatment for aortic regurgitation (AR).

METHODS: Thirty-nine Sprague-Dawley rats underwent creation of AR or sham operation. Treated rats were assigned to early or late institution of sildenafil therapy (100 mg/kg/day) for a total of 10 weeks. Treatment-effects were measured by serial echocardiography, invasive hemodynamic measurements, and tissue analysis.

RESULTS: Rats assigned to early treatment developed less remodeling than untreated rats. Thus, left ventricular (LV) dilation was blunted by sildenafil with end-systolic diameter being significantly smaller (6.6 ± 0.4 vs. 7.7 ± 0.4 mm, respectively, p < 0.05). Also, LV wall thickness was significantly decreased in treated rats compared to controls (2.23 ± 0.08 vs. 2.16 ± 0.05 mm, p < 0.01). Fractional shortening was improved by treatment (p < 0.05). Myocardial fibrosis was borderline decreased by treatment (p = 0.09). Akt was increased in treated compared to controls (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Sildenafil slightly inhibits LV remodeling and improves fractional shortening in rats with AR when treatment is initiated early.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSpringerPlus
Vol/bind4
Sider (fra-til)592
ISSN2193-1801
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

ID: 46195217