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Sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide dilate intradural arteries: A 3T MR angiography study in healthy volunteers

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@article{d7f06612ac834dd2ac60aae153d2a4ed,
title = "Sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide dilate intradural arteries: A 3T MR angiography study in healthy volunteers",
abstract = "Background Sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide are vasoactive substances that induce migraine attacks in patients. The intradural arteries are thought to be involved, but these have never been examined in vivo. Sildenafil is the only migraine-inducing compound for which cephalic, extracranial artery dilation is not reported. Here, we investigate the effects of sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide on the extracranial and intradural parts of the middle meningeal artery. Methods In a double-blind, randomized, three-way crossover, placebo-controlled head-to-head comparison study, MR-angiography was recorded in healthy volunteers at baseline and twice after study drug (sildenafil/ calcitonin gene-related peptide/saline) administration. Circumferences of extracranial and intradural middle meningeal artery segments were measured using semi-automated analysis software. The area under the curve for circumference change was compared using paired t-tests between study days. Results Twelve healthy volunteers completed the study. The area under the curveBaseline-120min was significantly larger on both the sildenafil and the calcitonin gene-related peptide day in the intradural middle meningeal artery (calcitonin gene-related peptide, p = 0.013; sildenafil, p = 0.027) and the extracranial middle meningeal artery (calcitonin gene-related peptide, p = 0.0003; sildenafil, p = 0.021), compared to placebo. Peak intradural middle meningeal artery dilation was 9.9% (95% CI [2.9-16.9]) after sildenafil (T30min) and 12.5% (95% CI [8.1-16.8]) after calcitonin gene-related peptide (T30min). Peak dilation of the extracranial middle meningeal artery after calcitonin gene-related peptide (T30min) was 15.7% (95% CI [11.2-20.1]) and 18.9% (95% CI [12.8-24.9]) after sildenafil (T120min). Conclusion An important novel finding is that both sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide dilate intradural arteries, supporting the notion that all known pharmacological migraine triggers dilate cephalic vessels. We suggest that intradural artery dilation is associated with headache induced by calcitonin gene-related peptide and sildenafil.",
keywords = "human migraine models, middle meningeal artery, Neuroimaging",
author = "Christensen, {Casper Emil} and Amin, {Faisal Mohammad} and Samaira Younis and Ulrich Lindberg and {de Koning}, Patrick and Petersen, {Esben Thade} and Paulson, {Olaf Bjarne} and Larsson, {Henrik Bo Wiberg} and Messoud Ashina",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1177/0333102418787336",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "264--273",
journal = "Cephalalgia",
issn = "0333-1024",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide dilate intradural arteries: A 3T MR angiography study in healthy volunteers

AU - Christensen, Casper Emil

AU - Amin, Faisal Mohammad

AU - Younis, Samaira

AU - Lindberg, Ulrich

AU - de Koning, Patrick

AU - Petersen, Esben Thade

AU - Paulson, Olaf Bjarne

AU - Larsson, Henrik Bo Wiberg

AU - Ashina, Messoud

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - Background Sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide are vasoactive substances that induce migraine attacks in patients. The intradural arteries are thought to be involved, but these have never been examined in vivo. Sildenafil is the only migraine-inducing compound for which cephalic, extracranial artery dilation is not reported. Here, we investigate the effects of sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide on the extracranial and intradural parts of the middle meningeal artery. Methods In a double-blind, randomized, three-way crossover, placebo-controlled head-to-head comparison study, MR-angiography was recorded in healthy volunteers at baseline and twice after study drug (sildenafil/ calcitonin gene-related peptide/saline) administration. Circumferences of extracranial and intradural middle meningeal artery segments were measured using semi-automated analysis software. The area under the curve for circumference change was compared using paired t-tests between study days. Results Twelve healthy volunteers completed the study. The area under the curveBaseline-120min was significantly larger on both the sildenafil and the calcitonin gene-related peptide day in the intradural middle meningeal artery (calcitonin gene-related peptide, p = 0.013; sildenafil, p = 0.027) and the extracranial middle meningeal artery (calcitonin gene-related peptide, p = 0.0003; sildenafil, p = 0.021), compared to placebo. Peak intradural middle meningeal artery dilation was 9.9% (95% CI [2.9-16.9]) after sildenafil (T30min) and 12.5% (95% CI [8.1-16.8]) after calcitonin gene-related peptide (T30min). Peak dilation of the extracranial middle meningeal artery after calcitonin gene-related peptide (T30min) was 15.7% (95% CI [11.2-20.1]) and 18.9% (95% CI [12.8-24.9]) after sildenafil (T120min). Conclusion An important novel finding is that both sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide dilate intradural arteries, supporting the notion that all known pharmacological migraine triggers dilate cephalic vessels. We suggest that intradural artery dilation is associated with headache induced by calcitonin gene-related peptide and sildenafil.

AB - Background Sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide are vasoactive substances that induce migraine attacks in patients. The intradural arteries are thought to be involved, but these have never been examined in vivo. Sildenafil is the only migraine-inducing compound for which cephalic, extracranial artery dilation is not reported. Here, we investigate the effects of sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide on the extracranial and intradural parts of the middle meningeal artery. Methods In a double-blind, randomized, three-way crossover, placebo-controlled head-to-head comparison study, MR-angiography was recorded in healthy volunteers at baseline and twice after study drug (sildenafil/ calcitonin gene-related peptide/saline) administration. Circumferences of extracranial and intradural middle meningeal artery segments were measured using semi-automated analysis software. The area under the curve for circumference change was compared using paired t-tests between study days. Results Twelve healthy volunteers completed the study. The area under the curveBaseline-120min was significantly larger on both the sildenafil and the calcitonin gene-related peptide day in the intradural middle meningeal artery (calcitonin gene-related peptide, p = 0.013; sildenafil, p = 0.027) and the extracranial middle meningeal artery (calcitonin gene-related peptide, p = 0.0003; sildenafil, p = 0.021), compared to placebo. Peak intradural middle meningeal artery dilation was 9.9% (95% CI [2.9-16.9]) after sildenafil (T30min) and 12.5% (95% CI [8.1-16.8]) after calcitonin gene-related peptide (T30min). Peak dilation of the extracranial middle meningeal artery after calcitonin gene-related peptide (T30min) was 15.7% (95% CI [11.2-20.1]) and 18.9% (95% CI [12.8-24.9]) after sildenafil (T120min). Conclusion An important novel finding is that both sildenafil and calcitonin gene-related peptide dilate intradural arteries, supporting the notion that all known pharmacological migraine triggers dilate cephalic vessels. We suggest that intradural artery dilation is associated with headache induced by calcitonin gene-related peptide and sildenafil.

KW - human migraine models

KW - middle meningeal artery

KW - Neuroimaging

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049911125&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0333102418787336

DO - 10.1177/0333102418787336

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29976087

VL - 39

SP - 264

EP - 273

JO - Cephalalgia

JF - Cephalalgia

SN - 0333-1024

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 54888897