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Short-term amiodarone treatment for atrial fibrillation after catheter ablation induces a transient thyroid dysfunction: Results from the placebo-controlled, randomized AMIO-CAT trial

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BACKGROUND: Amiodarone is known to affect the thyroid, but little is known about thyroid recovery after short-term amiodarone treatment.

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the impact of 8weeks of amiodarone treatment on thyroid function in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing catheter ablation in a randomised, double-blind clinical trial.

METHODS: 212 patients referred for AF ablation at two centres were randomized to 8weeks of oral amiodarone or placebo. Thyroid function tests (TSH, thyroid stimulating hormone; T4, thyroxine; T3, triiodothyronine; fT4, free T4; fT3, free T3) were performed at baseline and 1, 3 and 6months.

RESULTS: Study drug was discontinued due to mild thyroid dysfunction in 1 patient in the placebo vs. 3 in the amiodarone group (p=0.6). In linear mixed models there were significant effects of amiodarone on thyroid function tests, modified by follow-up visit (p<10(-9) for both TSH, T4, T3, fT4 and fT3). The amiodarone group had higher TSH, fT4 and T4 after 1 and 3months compared to placebo, whereas T3 and fT3 were lower. In all cases, the amiodarone-induced thyroid dysfunction was largest at 1month, declining at 3months, and with no differences at 6months, compared to baseline.

CONCLUSION: We found amiodarone to have a significant impact on thyroid function after only 1month, but with a fast recovery of thyroid function after amiodarone discontinuation. Our study indicates that short-term amiodarone can be considered safe in patients without prior thyroid dysfunction.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Sider (fra-til)36-41
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2016

ID: 49105921