Serum 14-3-3η as predictor of clinical remission and progression of structural damage in early rheumatoid arthritis following a treat-to-target strategy in a randomized controlled trial

M B Raft*, M L Hetland, C H Brahe, K Hørslev-Petersen, L Midtbøll Ørnbjerg, P Junker, N Biln, K Stengaard-Pedersen, M Østergaard

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: 14-3-3η is a proinflammatory mediator critical to joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We aimed to evaluate serum 14-3-3η for predicting disease activity and radiographic progression in patients with early RA in the double-blinded, randomized OPERA trial.

METHOD: 180 patients with early RA were randomized to receive methotrexate (MTX) + adalimumab or MTX + placebo in combination with glucocorticoid injections into swollen joints. Disease activity was measured using the 28-joint Disease Activity Score-C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP). Clinical remission was defined as DAS28-CRP < 2.6. X-rays of hands and feet were evaluated by the Total Sharp van der Heijde score (TSS). Radiographic progression was defined as exceeding the smallest detectable change (1.8 TSS-units). Serum 14-3-3η was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of DAS28-CRP remission at 6 months and radiographic progression at 12 months.

RESULTS: Baseline 14-3-3η was a borderline significant independent predictor of radiographic progression at 12 months (odds radio = 1.02, 95% confidence interval 1.00-1.03, p = 0.05). In anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA)-negative patients, a moderate/high baseline 14-3-3η concentration increased the risk of radiographic progression at 12 months [4/51 (8%) vs 3/9 (33%), χ2 = 4.823, p = 0.028]. No value of 14-3-3η for predicting achievement of clinical remission was found.

CONCLUSION: Serum 14-3-3η was a borderline significant predictor of radiographic progression, particularly in ACPA-negative patients, but not of predicting achievement of clinical remission. Optimal cut-off levels of 14-3-3η for predicting radiographic progression in RA need further clarification.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Vol/bind52
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)342-352
Antal sider11
ISSN0300-9742
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2023

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