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Risk of pain in the neck and shoulders and job change among hairdressers: a combined questionnaire and register-based Danish prospective cohort study

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether intensity of work as a hairdresser was associated with treatments for pain, and if musculoskeletal pain was associated with leaving the hairdressing trade.

METHODS: We formed two cohorts of hairdressers covered in the PensionDanmark Health Scheme (PDHS). Cohort 1 consisted of 1304 active hairdressers in 2009. Self-reported weekly haircuts were used as work intensity measure and treatments for pain in the neck and shoulders in PDHS were used as outcome. We used a Cox regression model with robust sandwich estimates adjusted for age, sex, employment status and prior treatment < 1 year before July 2009. Cohort 2 consisted of all hairdressers ever covered in the PDHS from 2006 to 2016 (n = 11,162). Exposure were treatments in PDHS within the last year. Outcome was leaving the trade within the following year. Adjustments were made for sex, calendar-year and age in Cox regression models.

RESULTS: The adjusted hazard ratio of treatments in PDHS compared to the lowest work intensity was 0.95 (95% CI 0.58-1.55) and 0.74 (0.43-1.29) for medium and highest intensity, respectively. The risk of leaving the trade was lower, HR 0.80 (0.72-0.90) among hairdressers with treatments in PDHS within the last year, mainly driven by hairdressers aged < 56 years.

CONCLUSION: We found no association between intensity of work as a hairdresser, measured as self-reported weekly haircuts, and treatments for pain in PDHS. Furthermore, we found a protective effect of treatments in the PDHS within the last year on risk of leaving the trade.

TidsskriftInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)709-719
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2022

Bibliografisk note

© 2021. The Author(s).

ID: 68413896