Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Risk of childhood otitis media with focus on potentially modifiable factors: A Danish follow-up cohort study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{d7723598e1c44d12a4e67a711087ca93,
title = "Risk of childhood otitis media with focus on potentially modifiable factors: A Danish follow-up cohort study",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Otitis media is the primary cause of antibiotic prescription in children. Two-thirds of all children experience at least one episode of otitis media before the age of 7 years. The aim of this study was to characterise the attributable effect of several modifiable risk exposures on the risk of >3 episodes of otitis media at age 18 months and 7 years within a large prospective national birth cohort.METHODS: The study used the Danish National Birth Cohort comprising information about otitis media and risk exposures from more than 50,000 mother-child pairs from the period 1996-2002. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for the risk factors and to calculate the population attributable fraction.RESULTS: Short time with breastfeeding, early introduction to daycare, cesarean section, and low compliance to the national vaccination program were all associated with an increased risk of >3 episodes of otitis media at 18 months of age and at 7 years of age. The fraction of children with otitis media attributed from breastfeeding lasting for less than 6 months was 10{\%}. Introduction to daycare before the age of 12 months attributed with 20{\%} of the cases of >3 episodes of otitis media.CONCLUSIONS: Short duration of breastfeeding, early introduction into daycare, cesarean section, and low compliance with the national vaccination program increased the risk of experiencing >3 episodes of otitis media at 18 months, and at 7 years of age. These are factors that all can be modulated.",
keywords = "Child, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, Denmark/epidemiology, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Infant, Logistic Models, Male, Odds Ratio, Otitis Media/epidemiology, Pregnancy, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors",
author = "Asbj{\o}rn K{\o}rvel-Hanquist and Anders Koch and J{\o}rgen Lous and Olsen, {Sjurdur Frodi} and Preben Hom{\o}e",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.12.027",
language = "English",
volume = "106",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology",
issn = "0165-5876",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of childhood otitis media with focus on potentially modifiable factors

T2 - A Danish follow-up cohort study

AU - Kørvel-Hanquist, Asbjørn

AU - Koch, Anders

AU - Lous, Jørgen

AU - Olsen, Sjurdur Frodi

AU - Homøe, Preben

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Otitis media is the primary cause of antibiotic prescription in children. Two-thirds of all children experience at least one episode of otitis media before the age of 7 years. The aim of this study was to characterise the attributable effect of several modifiable risk exposures on the risk of >3 episodes of otitis media at age 18 months and 7 years within a large prospective national birth cohort.METHODS: The study used the Danish National Birth Cohort comprising information about otitis media and risk exposures from more than 50,000 mother-child pairs from the period 1996-2002. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for the risk factors and to calculate the population attributable fraction.RESULTS: Short time with breastfeeding, early introduction to daycare, cesarean section, and low compliance to the national vaccination program were all associated with an increased risk of >3 episodes of otitis media at 18 months of age and at 7 years of age. The fraction of children with otitis media attributed from breastfeeding lasting for less than 6 months was 10%. Introduction to daycare before the age of 12 months attributed with 20% of the cases of >3 episodes of otitis media.CONCLUSIONS: Short duration of breastfeeding, early introduction into daycare, cesarean section, and low compliance with the national vaccination program increased the risk of experiencing >3 episodes of otitis media at 18 months, and at 7 years of age. These are factors that all can be modulated.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Otitis media is the primary cause of antibiotic prescription in children. Two-thirds of all children experience at least one episode of otitis media before the age of 7 years. The aim of this study was to characterise the attributable effect of several modifiable risk exposures on the risk of >3 episodes of otitis media at age 18 months and 7 years within a large prospective national birth cohort.METHODS: The study used the Danish National Birth Cohort comprising information about otitis media and risk exposures from more than 50,000 mother-child pairs from the period 1996-2002. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for the risk factors and to calculate the population attributable fraction.RESULTS: Short time with breastfeeding, early introduction to daycare, cesarean section, and low compliance to the national vaccination program were all associated with an increased risk of >3 episodes of otitis media at 18 months of age and at 7 years of age. The fraction of children with otitis media attributed from breastfeeding lasting for less than 6 months was 10%. Introduction to daycare before the age of 12 months attributed with 20% of the cases of >3 episodes of otitis media.CONCLUSIONS: Short duration of breastfeeding, early introduction into daycare, cesarean section, and low compliance with the national vaccination program increased the risk of experiencing >3 episodes of otitis media at 18 months, and at 7 years of age. These are factors that all can be modulated.

KW - Child

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Denmark/epidemiology

KW - Female

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Infant

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Male

KW - Odds Ratio

KW - Otitis Media/epidemiology

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Risk Factors

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.12.027

DO - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.12.027

M3 - Journal article

VL - 106

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

JF - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

SN - 0165-5876

ER -

ID: 56447476