Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Risk factors of pre-hypertension and hypertension among non-pregnant women of reproductive age in northeastern Tanzania: a community based cross-sectional study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. Prolonged and persistent diarrhoea is not restricted to children with acute malnutrition: an observational study in Ethiopia

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Physical activity level among children recovering from severe acute malnutrition

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. High prevalence of diabetes and anthropometric heterogeneity among tuberculosis patients in Pakistan

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  4. Tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacteria among HIV-infected individuals in Ghana

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Leukocyte telomere length is associated with elevated plasma glucose and HbA1c in young healthy men independent of birth weight

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Increased leptin, decreased adiponectin and FGF21 concentrations in adolescent offspring of women with gestational diabetes

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Abdominal fat distribution measured by ultrasound and aerobic fitness in young Danish men born with low and normal birth weight

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Omari A Msemo
  • Christentze Schmiegelow
  • Birgitte B Nielsen
  • Hannah Kousholt
  • Louise G Grunnet
  • Dirk L Christensen
  • John P A Lusingu
  • Sofie L Møller
  • Reginald A Kavishe
  • Daniel T R Minja
  • Ib C Bygbjerg
Vis graf over relationer

OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors of pre-hypertension and hypertension in a cohort of 1247 rural Tanzanian women before conception.

METHODS: Demographic and socioeconomic data, anthropometric measurements, past medical and obstetric history and other risk factors for pre-hypertension and hypertension were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations between anthropometric indices and other risk factors of pre-hypertension and hypertension. The predictive power of different anthropometric indicators for identification of pre-hypertension and hypertension patients was determined by Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC).

RESULTS: The median (range) age was 28.0 (18-40) years. The age-standardised prevalences of pre-hypertension and hypertension were 37.2 (95% CI 34.0-40.6) and 8.5% (95%CI 6.7-10.8), respectively. Of hypertensive patients (n = 98), only 20 (20.4%) were aware of their condition. In multivariate analysis, increasing age, obesity and haemoglobin levels were significantly associated with pre-hypertension and hypertension.

CONCLUSION: Despite a low prevalence of hypertension, over one third of the women had pre-hypertension. This poses a great challenge ahead as pre-hypertensive women may progress into hypertension as they grow older without appropriate interventions. Obesity was the single most important modifiable risk factor for pre-hypertension and hypertension.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTropical medicine & international health : TM & IH
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1176-1187
Antal sider12
ISSN1360-2276
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

ID: 56483457