Risk factors and characteristics of suicide attempts among 381 suicidal adolescents

Rikke Lindgaard Hedeland, Grete Teilmann, Marianne Hørby Jørgensen, Line Rejkjaer Thiesen, Jesper Andersen, Study-Associated Pediatric Departments

21 Citationer (Scopus)


AIM: This study explored the relationships between suicidal adolescents and their parents, siblings, and friends. It examined how much adolescents talked to their parents before suicide attempts, the frequency of self-mutilation, the extent of suicidal ideation, previous suicide attempts and suicide attempts in the adolescent's surroundings.

METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional case-control study that focused on 381 adolescents aged 10-17 years who were admitted to hospitals across Denmark after suicide attempts with acetaminophen and 296 age and gender-matched controls recruited from schools. The study used questionnaires, medical and child psychiatric records.

RESULTS: The study group were ten times more likely to report dissociated parental relationships than the control group (41.5% versus 4%) and there were significant relationships between these reports and feelings of not being heard (p<0.0001), dissociated relationships with friends (p<0.0001) and siblings (p<0.0001) and self-mutilation (p=0.009). Almost two-thirds (62.5%) of the suicidal adolescents who tried to talk to their parents about their problems felt unheard and there was a significant relationship between this feeling and the duration of suicidal ideation (p=0.01) and self-mutilation (p=0.003).

CONCLUSIONS: Early risk factors for suicide were dissociated relationships with parents, siblings and friends, feeling unheard, self-mutilation and extended suicidal ideation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

TidsskriftActa paediatrica
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1231-8
StatusUdgivet - 2016


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