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Rezafungin In Vitro Activity against Contemporary Nordic Clinical Candida Isolates and Candida auris Determined by the EUCAST Reference Method

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Rezafungin (formerly CD101) is a novel echinocandin in clinical development. EUCAST epidemiological cutoff values (ECOFFs) have not yet been established. We determined the in vitro activity of rezafungin and comparators against 1,293 Nordic yeast isolates and 122 Indian Candida auris isolates and established single-center wild-type upper limits (WT-UL). The isolates (19 Candida spp. and 13 other yeast species) were identified using Chromagar; matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF); and, when needed, internal transcribed spacer sequencing. EUCAST E.Def 7.3.1 susceptibility testing included rezafungin, anidulafungin, micafungin, amphotericin B, and fluconazole. WT-UL were established following EUCAST principles for visual and statistical ECOFF setting. fks target genes were sequenced for rezafungin non-wild-type isolates. EUCAST clinical breakpoints for fungi version 9.0 were adopted for susceptibility classification. Rezafungin had species-specific activity similar to that of anidulafungin and micafungin. On a milligram-per-liter basis, rezafungin was overall less active than anidulafungin and micafungin but equally or more active than fluconazole and amphotericin B against the most common Candida species, except C. parapsilosis We identified 37 (3.1%) rezafungin non-wild-type isolates of C. albicans (1.9%), C. glabrata (3.0%), C. tropicalis (2.7%), C. dubliniensis (2.9%), C. krusei (1.2%), and C. auris (14.8%). Alterations in Fks hot spots were found in 26/26 Nordic and 8/18 non-wild-type C. auris isolates. Rezafungin displayed broad in vitro activity against Candida spp., including C. auris Adopting WT-UL established here, few Nordic strains, but a significant proportion of C. auris isolates, had elevated MICs with mutations in fks target genes that conferred echinocandin cross-resistance. fks1 mutations raised rezafungin MICs notably less than anidulafungin and micafungin MICs in C. auris.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Vol/bind64
Udgave nummer4
ISSN0066-4804
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 24 mar. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2020 American Society for Microbiology.

ID: 61389152