Resting and postpradial serum cholecystokinin concentrations and evaluation of the effect of seeing and/or smelling food on serum cholecystokinin and bile acid concentrations in healthy dogs

Panagiotis G Xenoulis, Dimitra A Karra, Kathleen M Aicher, Jens F Rehfeld, Jan S Suchodolski, Sarah A Read, Jörg M Steiner

Abstract

Serum bile acids concentrations rise postprandially. However, some dogs show paradoxical serum bile acids results with higher pre-prandial than post-prandial concentrations. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum cholecystokinin (CCK) concentrations and determine whether they correspond to paradoxical serum bile acids concentrations. In addition, seeing and smelling food was investigated as a possible cause for paradoxical serum bile acids results. Eight healthy dogs owned by volunteers enrolled in this experimental study. Food was withheld from the dogs for 12 h with great care not to expose them to any sight or smell of food. Blood samples were collected at 0, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240, 480 and 720 min after feeding. Food was then withheld again for 24 h, and blood samples were collected at 0, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240, 480 and 720 min after seeing and smelling food. After feeding, serum CCK concentrations increased, but paradoxical serum CCK concentrations were observed in some of dogs, but only one of those had also paradoxical serum bile acids concentrations. After seeing and smelling food, serum CCK and serum bile acids concentrations did not significantly increase. In conclusion, paradoxical serum CCK concentrations can occur in some healthy dogs after feeding. However, no correlation with paradoxical serum bile acids concentrations was found. Seeing or smelling food are unlikely causes for paradoxical serum bile acids concentrations. Additional studies are warranted to further evaluate the relationship of serum CCK and bile acids concentrations in healthy dogs and dogs with gastrointestinal disease.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftResearch in Veterinary Science
Vol/bind151
Sider (fra-til)110-115
Antal sider6
ISSN0034-5288
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2022

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