Responses of anterior pituitary hormones and hypothalamic histamine to blockade of histamine synthesis and to selective activation or inactivation of presynaptic histamine H3 receptors in stressed rats

P Søe-Jensen, U Knigge, M Garbarg, A Kjaer, A Rouleau, F W Bach, J C Schwartz, J Warberg

38 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

The stress-induced release of anterior pituitary hormones and changes in hypothalamic content of histamine (HA) and its metabolite tele-methylHA (t-meHA) were studied in male rats during inhibition of HA synthesis or activation or blockade of HA H3 receptors. Pretreatment with the HA synthesis inhibitor alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (alpha-FMH; 200 micrograms intracerebroventricularly (icv) at -120 min) or the specific H3 receptor agonist R(alpha)methylhistamine (RmHA; 10 mg/kg intraperitoneally (ip) at -180 and -60 min) inhibited by 30-80% the responses of prolactin (PRL), corticotropin (ACTH) and beta-endorphin (beta-END) immunoreactivity to 1, 2.5 or 5 min of restraint stress (p < 0.05-0.01), but had no effect on basal secretion of the hormones. The inhibitory effect of the H3 receptor agonist RmHA (10 mg/kg x 2) on the hormone response to 5 min of restraint stress was prevented by simultaneous ip administration of the H3 receptor antagonist thioperamide. alpha-FMH reduced the hypothalamic content of HA 60% and that of t-meHA 30%, while RmHA had no effect on the HA content. Restraint stress for 5 min did not affect the HA and t-meHA contents, which may be due to the short duration of stress exposure. Pretreatment with the H3 receptor antagonist thioperamide (5 or 10 mg/kg ip at -120 min) had no effect on basal or restraint stress-induced release of PRL, ACTH or beta-END, although the compound increased the hypothalamic content of t-meHA 2-fold.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuroendocrinology
Vol/bind57
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)532-40
Antal sider9
ISSN0028-3835
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 1993

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