Repeated oral sucrose dosing after the second wind is unnecessary in patients with McArdle disease: results from a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over study

Nicoline Løkken*, Tahmina Khawajazada, Anna Slipsager, Nicol C Voermans, John Vissing

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

It is well-established that oral sucrose ingested shortly before exercise improves early exercise tolerance in individuals with McArdle disease. This is by supplying blood-borne glucose for muscle metabolism to compensate for the blocked glycogenolysis. The present study investigated if individuals with McArdle disease could benefit further from repeated sucrose ingestion during prolonged exercise. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study, the participants were randomized to ingest either sucrose or placebo first and subsequently the opposite on two separate days. The participants ingested the drink 10 min before and thrice (after 10, 25, and 40 min) during a 60-min submaximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer. The primary outcome was exercise capacity as indicated by heart rate (HR) and perceived exertion (PE) responses to exercise. Secondary outcomes included changes in blood metabolites, insulin and carbohydrate, and fatty acid oxidation rates during exercise. Nine participants with McArdle disease were included in the study. We confirmed improvement of exercise capacity with oral sucrose vs. placebo during early exercise (pre-second wind) indicated by lower peak HR and PE (p < 0.02). We found no further beneficial effect with repeated sucrose versus placebo ingestion during prolonged exercise, as indicated by no difference in HR or PE post-second wind (p > 0.05). Glucose, lactate, insulin, and carbohydrate oxidation rates increased, and fatty acid oxidation decreased with sucrose versus placebo (p ≤ 0.0002). We can conclude that repeated sucrose ingestion is not recommended during prolonged exercise. This finding can prevent excessive caloric intake and reduce the risk of obesity and insulin resistance.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Vol/bind46
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1139-1146
Antal sider8
ISSN0141-8955
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

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