Reliability and correlation of weight-bearing cone beam CT and Foot Posture Index (FPI) for measurements of foot posture: a test-retest study

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess test-retest reliability and correlation of weight-bearing (WB) and non-weight-bearing (NWB) cone beam CT (CBCT) foot measurements and Foot Posture Index (FPI) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy participants (age 43.11±11.36, 15 males, 5 females) were CBCT-scanned in February 2019 on two separate days on one foot in both WB and NWB positions. Three radiology observers measured the navicular bone position. Plantar (ΔNAVplantar) and medial navicular displacements (ΔNAVmedial) were calculated as a measure of foot posture changes under loading. FPI was assessed by two rheumatologists on the same two days. FPI is a clinical measurement of foot posture with 3 rearfoot and 3 midfoot/forefoot scores. Test-retest reproducibility was determined for all measurements. CBCT was correlated to FPI total and subscores.

RESULTS: Intra- and interobserver reliabilities for navicular position and FPI were excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) .875-.997). In particular, intraobserver (ICC .0.967-1.000) and interobserver reliabilities (ICC .946-.997) were found for CBCT navicular height and medial position. Interobserver reliability of ΔNAVplantar was excellent (ICC .926 (.812; .971); MDC 2.22), whereas the ΔNAVmedial was fair-good (ICC .452 (.385; .783); MDC 2.42 mm). Using all observers' measurements, we could calculate mean ΔNAVplantar (4.25±2.08 mm) and ΔNAVmedial (1.55±0.83 mm). We demonstrated a small day-day difference in ΔNAVplantar (0.64 ±1.13mm; p<.05), but not for ΔNAVmedial (0.04 ±1.13mm; p=n.s.). Correlation of WBCT (WB navicular height - ΔNAVmedial) with total clinical FPI scores and FPI subscores, respectively, showed high correlation (ρ: -.706; ρ: -.721).

CONCLUSION: CBCT and FPI are reliable measurements of foot posture, with a high correlation between the two measurements.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSkeletal Radiology
Vol/bind52
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)2387-2397
Antal sider11
ISSN0364-2348
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023

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