Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Regulation of plasma volume in male lowlanders during 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 3500 m altitude

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Schlittler, M, Gatterer, H, Turner, R, Regli, IB, Woyke, S, Strapazzon, G, Rasmussen, P, Kob, M, Mueller, T, Goetze, JP, Maillard, M, van Hall, G, Feraille, E & Siebenmann, C 2021, 'Regulation of plasma volume in male lowlanders during 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 3500 m altitude', The Journal of physiology, bind 599, nr. 4, s. 1083-1096. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP280601

APA

Schlittler, M., Gatterer, H., Turner, R., Regli, I. B., Woyke, S., Strapazzon, G., Rasmussen, P., Kob, M., Mueller, T., Goetze, J. P., Maillard, M., van Hall, G., Feraille, E., & Siebenmann, C. (2021). Regulation of plasma volume in male lowlanders during 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 3500 m altitude. The Journal of physiology, 599(4), 1083-1096. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP280601

CBE

Schlittler M, Gatterer H, Turner R, Regli IB, Woyke S, Strapazzon G, Rasmussen P, Kob M, Mueller T, Goetze JP, Maillard M, van Hall G, Feraille E, Siebenmann C. 2021. Regulation of plasma volume in male lowlanders during 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 3500 m altitude. The Journal of physiology. 599(4):1083-1096. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP280601

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Schlittler, Maja ; Gatterer, Hannes ; Turner, Rachel ; Regli, Ivo B ; Woyke, Simon ; Strapazzon, Giacomo ; Rasmussen, Peter ; Kob, Michael ; Mueller, Thomas ; Goetze, Jens P ; Maillard, Marc ; van Hall, Gerrit ; Feraille, Eric ; Siebenmann, Christoph. / Regulation of plasma volume in male lowlanders during 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 3500 m altitude. I: The Journal of physiology. 2021 ; Bind 599, Nr. 4. s. 1083-1096.

Bibtex

@article{b80cce8fc6cf4d5eb13eaa64ccd0efa3,
title = "Regulation of plasma volume in male lowlanders during 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 3500 m altitude",
abstract = "KEY POINTS: Acclimatization to hypoxia leads to a reduction in plasma volume (PV) that restores arterial O2 content. Findings from studies investigating the mechanisms underlying this PV contraction have been controversial, possibly as experimental conditions were inadequately controlled. We examined the mechanisms underlying the PV contraction evoked by 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia (HH) in 11 healthy lowlanders, while strictly controlling water intake, diet, temperature and physical activity. Exposure to HH-induced an ∼10% PV contraction that was accompanied by a reduction in total circulating protein mass, whereas diuretic fluid loss and total body water remained unchanged. Our data support an oncotically driven fluid redistribution from the intra- to the extravascular space, rather than fluid loss, as the mechanism underlying HH-induced PV contraction.ABSTRACT: Extended hypoxic exposure reduces plasma volume (PV). The mechanisms underlying this effect are controversial, possibly as previous studies have been confounded by inconsistent experimental conditions. Here, we investigated the effect of hypobaric hypoxia (HH) on PV in a cross-over study that strictly controlled for diet, water intake, physical activity and temperature. Eleven males completed two 4-day sojourns in a hypobaric chamber, one in normoxia (NX) and one in HH equivalent to 3500 m altitude. PV, urine output, volume-regulating hormones and plasma protein concentration were determined daily. Total body water (TBW) was determined at the end of both sojourns by deuterium dilution. Although PV was 8.1 ± 5.8% lower in HH than in NX after 24 h and remained ∼10% lower thereafter (all P < 0.002), no differences were detected in TBW (P = 0.17) or in 24 h urine volumes (all P > 0.23). Plasma renin activity and circulating aldosterone were suppressed in HH during the first half of the sojourn (all P < 0.05) but thereafter similar to NX, whereas no differences were detected for copeptin between sojourns (all P > 0.05). Markers for atrial natriuretic peptide were higher in HH than NX after 30 min (P = 0.001) but lower during the last 2 days (P < 0.001). While plasma protein concentration was similar between sojourns, total circulating protein mass (TCP) was reduced in HH at the same time points as PV (all P < 0.03). Despite transient hormonal changes favouring increased diuresis, HH did not enhance urine output. Instead, the maintained TBW and reduced TCP support an oncotically driven fluid redistribution into the extravascular compartment as the mechanism underlying PV contraction.",
keywords = "diuresis, fluid balance, high altitude, hormones, total body water",
author = "Maja Schlittler and Hannes Gatterer and Rachel Turner and Regli, {Ivo B} and Simon Woyke and Giacomo Strapazzon and Peter Rasmussen and Michael Kob and Thomas Mueller and Goetze, {Jens P} and Marc Maillard and {van Hall}, Gerrit and Eric Feraille and Christoph Siebenmann",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors. The Journal of Physiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Physiological Society.",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1113/JP280601",
language = "English",
volume = "599",
pages = "1083--1096",
journal = "The Journal of physiology",
issn = "0022-3751",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of plasma volume in male lowlanders during 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia equivalent to 3500 m altitude

AU - Schlittler, Maja

AU - Gatterer, Hannes

AU - Turner, Rachel

AU - Regli, Ivo B

AU - Woyke, Simon

AU - Strapazzon, Giacomo

AU - Rasmussen, Peter

AU - Kob, Michael

AU - Mueller, Thomas

AU - Goetze, Jens P

AU - Maillard, Marc

AU - van Hall, Gerrit

AU - Feraille, Eric

AU - Siebenmann, Christoph

N1 - © 2020 The Authors. The Journal of Physiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Physiological Society.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - KEY POINTS: Acclimatization to hypoxia leads to a reduction in plasma volume (PV) that restores arterial O2 content. Findings from studies investigating the mechanisms underlying this PV contraction have been controversial, possibly as experimental conditions were inadequately controlled. We examined the mechanisms underlying the PV contraction evoked by 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia (HH) in 11 healthy lowlanders, while strictly controlling water intake, diet, temperature and physical activity. Exposure to HH-induced an ∼10% PV contraction that was accompanied by a reduction in total circulating protein mass, whereas diuretic fluid loss and total body water remained unchanged. Our data support an oncotically driven fluid redistribution from the intra- to the extravascular space, rather than fluid loss, as the mechanism underlying HH-induced PV contraction.ABSTRACT: Extended hypoxic exposure reduces plasma volume (PV). The mechanisms underlying this effect are controversial, possibly as previous studies have been confounded by inconsistent experimental conditions. Here, we investigated the effect of hypobaric hypoxia (HH) on PV in a cross-over study that strictly controlled for diet, water intake, physical activity and temperature. Eleven males completed two 4-day sojourns in a hypobaric chamber, one in normoxia (NX) and one in HH equivalent to 3500 m altitude. PV, urine output, volume-regulating hormones and plasma protein concentration were determined daily. Total body water (TBW) was determined at the end of both sojourns by deuterium dilution. Although PV was 8.1 ± 5.8% lower in HH than in NX after 24 h and remained ∼10% lower thereafter (all P < 0.002), no differences were detected in TBW (P = 0.17) or in 24 h urine volumes (all P > 0.23). Plasma renin activity and circulating aldosterone were suppressed in HH during the first half of the sojourn (all P < 0.05) but thereafter similar to NX, whereas no differences were detected for copeptin between sojourns (all P > 0.05). Markers for atrial natriuretic peptide were higher in HH than NX after 30 min (P = 0.001) but lower during the last 2 days (P < 0.001). While plasma protein concentration was similar between sojourns, total circulating protein mass (TCP) was reduced in HH at the same time points as PV (all P < 0.03). Despite transient hormonal changes favouring increased diuresis, HH did not enhance urine output. Instead, the maintained TBW and reduced TCP support an oncotically driven fluid redistribution into the extravascular compartment as the mechanism underlying PV contraction.

AB - KEY POINTS: Acclimatization to hypoxia leads to a reduction in plasma volume (PV) that restores arterial O2 content. Findings from studies investigating the mechanisms underlying this PV contraction have been controversial, possibly as experimental conditions were inadequately controlled. We examined the mechanisms underlying the PV contraction evoked by 4 days of exposure to hypobaric hypoxia (HH) in 11 healthy lowlanders, while strictly controlling water intake, diet, temperature and physical activity. Exposure to HH-induced an ∼10% PV contraction that was accompanied by a reduction in total circulating protein mass, whereas diuretic fluid loss and total body water remained unchanged. Our data support an oncotically driven fluid redistribution from the intra- to the extravascular space, rather than fluid loss, as the mechanism underlying HH-induced PV contraction.ABSTRACT: Extended hypoxic exposure reduces plasma volume (PV). The mechanisms underlying this effect are controversial, possibly as previous studies have been confounded by inconsistent experimental conditions. Here, we investigated the effect of hypobaric hypoxia (HH) on PV in a cross-over study that strictly controlled for diet, water intake, physical activity and temperature. Eleven males completed two 4-day sojourns in a hypobaric chamber, one in normoxia (NX) and one in HH equivalent to 3500 m altitude. PV, urine output, volume-regulating hormones and plasma protein concentration were determined daily. Total body water (TBW) was determined at the end of both sojourns by deuterium dilution. Although PV was 8.1 ± 5.8% lower in HH than in NX after 24 h and remained ∼10% lower thereafter (all P < 0.002), no differences were detected in TBW (P = 0.17) or in 24 h urine volumes (all P > 0.23). Plasma renin activity and circulating aldosterone were suppressed in HH during the first half of the sojourn (all P < 0.05) but thereafter similar to NX, whereas no differences were detected for copeptin between sojourns (all P > 0.05). Markers for atrial natriuretic peptide were higher in HH than NX after 30 min (P = 0.001) but lower during the last 2 days (P < 0.001). While plasma protein concentration was similar between sojourns, total circulating protein mass (TCP) was reduced in HH at the same time points as PV (all P < 0.03). Despite transient hormonal changes favouring increased diuresis, HH did not enhance urine output. Instead, the maintained TBW and reduced TCP support an oncotically driven fluid redistribution into the extravascular compartment as the mechanism underlying PV contraction.

KW - diuresis

KW - fluid balance

KW - high altitude

KW - hormones

KW - total body water

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85096668313&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1113/JP280601

DO - 10.1113/JP280601

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33124686

VL - 599

SP - 1083

EP - 1096

JO - The Journal of physiology

JF - The Journal of physiology

SN - 0022-3751

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 62403016