Regulation of neuronal cholecystokinin gene transcription

T V Hansen, F C Nielsen

Abstract

Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a neuroendocrine peptide expressed in I-cells of the small intestine and in central and peripheral neurons. Whereas intestinal CCK is involved in the release of pancreatic enzymes and the contraction of the gallbladder, cerebral CCK is implicated in a variety of functions, such as feeding behaviour, anxiety and memory. The expression of CCK is developmentally regulated. Brain CCK mRNA levels are low before birth, but increase markedly shortly after birth and reach adult like patterns of expression three weeks after birth during the final maturation of the central nervous system. In the adult, several substances induce neuronal CCK mRNA expression via activation of transcription factors binding to regulatory elements in the CCK promoter. Recent studies have examined the signaling pathways, transcription factors and regulatory elements involved in cAMP, fibroblast growth factor-2, and calcium-induced CCK gene transcription in neuronal cells. The review describes the signaling pathways and transcription factors involved in neuronal CCK gene transcription.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
BogserieScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Supplement
Vol/bind234
Sider (fra-til)61-7
Antal sider7
ISSN0085-591X
StatusUdgivet - 2001
Udgivet eksterntJa

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