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E-pub ahead of print

Reduction mammoplasty and mastopexy in the previously irradiated breast–a systematic review and meta-analysis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

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Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women, and early stages are treated with lumpectomy and irradiation. Irradiation, however, leads to reduced vascularization and fibrosis, which may influence the cosmetic outcome unfavourably and increase complications after subsequent surgery on irradiated breasts. Patients with significant asymmetry after treatment may desire corrective reduction mammoplasty or mastopexy, but this may be associated with increased complication rates. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate postoperative complication rates after bilateral reduction mammoplasty or mastopexy in women who had undergone unilateral lumpectomy and irradiation. PubMed, Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched for eligible studies. After screening titles and abstracts, 14 full text studies were reviewed, and 7 of these were included in the analysis. The meta-analysis showed a significantly higher complication rate in the irradiated breast compared to the non-irradiated breast, rate ratio 4.82 (95% CI: 1.58, 14.70), p = 0.006. The complication rate was 54% in the irradiated breast (58/107) compared to 8% (9/107) in the non-irradiated breast (p = 0.034). This study suggests that reduction mammoplasty or mastopexy in the previously irradiated breast is associated with a significantly increased risk of complications. Careful patient selection and information are paramount in the treatment of this patient group.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Antal sider9
ISSN2000-656X
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 25 feb. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica Society.

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

ID: 66502420