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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Recurrence After Operative Treatment of Adhesive Small-Bowel Obstruction

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Vis graf over relationer

BACKGROUND: Postoperative adhesions are a common cause of small-bowel obstruction, and up to 53% of patients operated on for adhesive small-bowel obstruction (ASBO) experience recurrence. The primary aim of this study was to identify predictors for recurrence of ASBO.

METHODS: We reviewed medical records including operation descriptions from patients who underwent emergency surgery due to ASBO at our institution between 2004 and 2013. Information on the peri- and postoperative periods, including conservatively and surgically treated recurrent ASBO, were obtained from medical records.

RESULTS: In total, 478 patients were included in the study. Of these, 58 (12.1%) patients experienced recurrence of ASBO during median 2.2 years follow-up. Female gender (hazard ratio [HR] 2.00, P = 0.023), multiple/matted adhesions (HR 1.72, P = 0.046), and fascial dehiscence (HR 3.26, P = 0.009) were associated with increased risk of recurrence. Conversely, intestinal resection decreased the risk of recurrence (HR 0.47, P = 0.036).

CONCLUSIONS: The overall recurrence rate after surgically treated ASBO was 12.1%, and the risk of recurrence was persistent several years after index operation. Factors associated with an increased risk were female gender, multiple/matted adhesions, and fascial dehiscence.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Vol/bind22
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)329-334
Antal sider6
ISSN1091-255X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2018

ID: 53601560