BACKGROUND: The perioperative care and postoperative period after laparoscopic hernia repair have not been well described. The aim of this study was to describe the postoperative course after laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair.
METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study including consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair. The outcomes of interest were patient-reported pain, nausea and fatigue, time to stoma function, length of stay (LOS), use of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and epidural analgesia, the cumulative dose of morphine equivalent analgesics during the first 5 postoperative days, and postoperative complications.
RESULTS: Forty patients were included, 20% had ileostomy and 80% colostomy. The mesh was placed according to Sugarbaker (87.5%) and keyhole (12.5%) technique. Twenty-two patients (55%) required peripheral nervous blockades postoperatively. The median number of days to stoma function was 3 days (range 2-3.8). The mean cumulative dose of morphine equivalent analgesics was 21.9 mg on the day of surgery, 27.8 mg on the first postoperative day (POD1), 23.9 on POD2, 17.3 mg on POD3, 15.3 mg on POD4, 8.9 mg on POD5, and 115.2 mg in total. The median LOS was 4 days (range 3-6). The incidence of postoperative complications was 25%.
CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair carried a high risk of complications. Further, analgesic treatment after surgery was insufficient, with high opioid requirements postoperatively, and more than half of the patients required peripheral nervous blockades, indicating that postoperative pain is a major issue in this patient group. Improved postoperative care for these patients is required.