Recommendations for a Patient Concerns Inventory specific to patients with head and neck cancer receiving palliative treatment

Cecilie Holländer-Mieritz*, Anne Marie Juhl Elsborg, Claus Andrup Kristensen, Simon N Rogers, Helle Pappot, Karin Piil

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde


PURPOSE: Patient Concerns Inventory (PCI) prompt lists are designed to capture health needs and concerns that matter most to patients. A head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific PCI was initially developed for follow-up after treatment with curative intent (PCI-HNC follow-up). Patients with HNC receiving palliative treatment (PT) may have different symptoms and concerns to discuss with the healthcare professionals. The aim of this study is to establish recommendations for a PCI-HNC-PT prompt list.

METHODS: The process leading to the recommendations for the PCI-HNC-PT was a four-step sequential qualitative study. First, semi-structured interviews among patients with HNC receiving treatment with palliative intent were conducted based on the original PCI-HNC follow-up prompt list. Second, a multidisciplinary reviewing panel revised the PCI-HNC follow-up based on the findings from the patient's interviews. Third, a focus group interview (FGI) with specialized oncology nurses was conducted based on the revised PCI-HNC follow-up. Fourth, the results of the patient and FGI interviews were combined and re-assessed by the multidisciplinary reviewing panel leading to a consensus on the selection and recommendation of items for the final PCI-HNC-PT. The think aloud method was used in patient and FGI interviews to establish face and content validity.

RESULTS: Ten patients receiving palliative systemic treatment for HNC were included and interviewed. Face validity and content validity for the PCI list were demonstrated. Patients independently expressed that their concerns and needs fluctuate and change over time and welcomed the possibility of being supported by a PCI prompt list. The patients estimated a PCI prompt list to be relevant or very relevant. No items were found to be unacceptable or inappropriate but were revised to be more precise in their description. Additional items were suggested from the need to be actively involved in their treatment and care. The FGI led to the knowledge that the nurses did not have a systematic approach to communicate on symptoms. The nurses highlighted that the PCI prompt list is likely helpful for addressing symptoms, needs, and concerns that the nurses themselves would not immediately inquire about. The multidisciplinary reviewing panel came to a consensus on items and concerns recommended for the PCI-HNC-PT.

CONCLUSION: The idea of a PCI prompt list was welcomed by patients with HNC receiving palliative treatment. The original PCI-HNC follow-up was adapted and has led to the recommendations of items and concerns for a PCI-HNC-PT prompt list. The next phase will be to feasibility test the PCI-HNC-PT in the clinical setting. The PCI prompt list has the potential to help facilitate the concerns and needs of the patients during the palliative treatment trajectory and thereby have the potential to strengthen a person-centered approach.

TidsskriftSupportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)1-10
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 17 dec. 2022


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