Reactive oxygen species play a modulatory role in the hyperventilatory response to poikilocapnic hyperoxia in humans

Igor A Fernandes, João D Mattos, Monique O Campos, Marcos P Rocha, Daniel E Mansur, Helena M Rocha, Vinicius P Garcia, Thiago Alvares, Niels H Secher, Antonio C L Nóbrega

Abstract

KEY POINTS: The proposed mechanism for the increased ventilation in response to hyperoxia includes a reduced brain CO2 -[H+ ] washout-induced central chemoreceptor stimulation that results from a decrease in cerebral perfusion and the weakening of the CO2 affinity for haemoglobin. Nonetheless, hyperoxia also results in excessive brain reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation/accumulation, which hypothetically increases central respiratory drive and causes hyperventilation. We then quantified ventilation, cerebral perfusion/metabolism, arterial/internal jugular vein blood gases and oxidant/antioxidant biomarkers in response to hyperoxia during intravenous infusion of saline or ascorbic acid to determine whether excessive ROS production/accumulation contributes to the hyperoxia-induced hyperventilation in humans. Ascorbic acid infusion augmented the antioxidant defence levels, blunted ROS production/accumulation and minimized both the reduction in cerebral perfusion and the increase in ventilation observed during saline infusion. Hyperoxic hyperventilation seems to be mediated by central chemoreceptor stimulation provoked by the interaction between an excessive ROS production/accumulation and reduced brain CO2 -[H+ ] washout.

ABSTRACT: The hypothetical mechanism for the increase in ventilation ( V ̇ E ) in response to hyperoxia (HX) includes central chemoreceptor stimulation via reduced CO2 -[H+ ] washout. Nonetheless, hyperoxia disturbs redox homeostasis and raises the hypothesis that excessive brain reactive oxygen species (ROS) production/accumulation may increase the sensitivity to CO2 or even solely activate the central chemoreceptors, resulting in hyperventilation. To determine the mechanism behind the HX-evoked increase in V ̇ E , 10 healthy men (24 ± 4 years) underwent 10 min trials of HX under saline and ascorbic acid infusion. V ̇ E , arterial and right internal right jugular vein (ijv) partial pressure for oxygen (PO2 ) and CO2 (PCO2 ), pH, oxidant (8-isoprostane) and antioxidant (ascorbic acid) markers, as well as cerebral blood flow (CBF) (Duplex ultrasonography), were quantified at each hyperoxic trial. HX evoked an increase in arterial partial pressure for oxygen, followed by a hyperventilatory response, a reduction in CBF, an increase in arterial 8-isoprostane, and unchanged PijvCO2 and ijv pH. Intravenous ascorbic acid infusion augmented the arterial antioxidant marker, blunted the increase in arterial 8-isoprostane and attenuated both the reduction in CBF and the HX-induced hyperventilation. Although ascorbic acid infusion resulted in a slight increase in PijvCO2 and a substantial decrease in ijv pH, when compared with the saline bout, HX evoked a similar reduction and a paired increase in the trans-cerebral exchanges for PCO2 and pH, respectively. These findings indicate that the poikilocapnic hyperoxic hyperventilation is likely mediated via the interaction of the acidic brain interstitial fluid and an increase in central chemoreceptor sensitivity to CO2 , which, in turn, seems to be evoked by the excessive ROS production/accumulation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of physiology
Vol/bind599
Udgave nummer16
Sider (fra-til)3993-4007
Antal sider15
ISSN0022-3751
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2021

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