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Ratio of Transmitral Early Filling Velocity to Early Diastolic Strain Rate as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality Following Acute Coronary Syndrome

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The ratio of early mitral inflow velocity (E) to early diastolic strain rate (E/e'sr) is a significant predictor of cardiac outcomes in various patient populations. This study aims to evaluate the predictive value of E/e'sr for heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, and death due to cardiovascular disease following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In total, 432 ACS patients underwent echocardiography following percutaneous coronary intervention. The end point was the composite of heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, and death due to cardiovascular disease. Median follow-up was 4.4 (interquartile range 0.2 to 6.3) years. During the follow-up period, 199 (46.1%) met the composite outcome. Mean value of E/e'sr in patients was 0.70 ± 0.37 m. In univariable Cox regression, E/e'sr was a predictor of the composite outcome (hazard ratio [HR] 1.05 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03 to 1.07, p <0.001, per 0.10 m increase). After multivariable adjustment for demographic and clinical parameters, E/e'sr remained an independent predictor (HR 1.03; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.06; p = 0.013, per 0.10 m increase). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) modified the relation between E/e'sr and outcome (p value for interaction = 0.011). In ACS patients with a relatively preserved systolic function assessed by GLS (GLS ≥ 13.2%), E/e'sr showed to be a significant predictor (HR 1.20; 95% CI 1.06 to 1.36; p = 0.005, per 0.10 m increase). In contrast, E/e'sr was not a significant predictor in ACS patients with impaired systolic function (GLS < 13.2%; HR 1.02; 95% CI 0.99 to 1.04; p = 0.28). In conclusion, E/e'sr provides important prognostic information regarding cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in ACS patients. However, E/e'sr was not an independent predictor over that of echocardiographic parameters. Furthermore, E/e'sr is a stronger prognosticator in patients with relatively preserved systolic function as opposed to patients with impaired systolic function.

TidsskriftThe American journal of cardiology
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1776-1782
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2019

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