Quality of life and functional outcomes after transanal total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer-results from the implementation period in Denmark

M X Bjoern*, F B Clausen, M Seiersen, O Bulut, F Bech-Knudsen, J E Jansen, I Gögenur, M F Klein

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
8 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The standard operation for mid- and low rectal cancer total mesorectal excision (TME) is routinely performed as minimally invasive surgery. TME is associated with temporary or permanent functional impairment of pelvic organs, causing reduced quality of life (QoL). Concerns have been raised that the newest minimally invasive approach, transanal TME (TaTME), may further reduce urogenital and anorectal functions.

OBJECTIVE: To determine if functional outcomes affecting QoL are altered after TaTME. Primary end-point is the impact of TaTME on QoL and functional outcomes. Secondary end-point is assessing differences in QoL and functional outcomes after TME surgery from below (TaTME) or above (transabdominal TME).

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Observational study consisting of prospectively registered self-reported questionnaire data collected at baseline and follow-ups after TaTME. All patients who underwent TaTME during the Danish national implementation phase were included. Central surveillance of the implementation included questionnaires concerning QoL and functional outcomes. Analyses of functional results from the Danish cohort of the ROLARR trial (Jayne et al. in JAMA 318:1569-1580, (2017) are reported separately for perspective, representing the transabdominal approach to TME, i.e., laparoscopic- or robotic-assisted TME (LaTME/RoTME). Applied questionnaires include EORTC QLQ-C30, SF-36, LARS, ICIQ-MLUTS, ICIQ-FLUTS, IPSS, IIEF, SVQ, and FSFI.

RESULTS: A total of 115 TaTME procedures were registered August 2016 to April 2019. LaTME/RoTME patients (n = 92) were operated on January 2011 to September 2014. A temporary postoperative decrease of QoL (global health status and functional scales) was observed, yet long-term results were unaffected by surgery in both groups. In TaTME patients, the anorectal dysfunction increased significantly (p < 0.001) from preoperative baseline to 13.5 months follow-up, where 67.5% (n = 52) reported major LARS symptoms. Urinary function was not significantly impaired after TME regardless of technique. The paucity of responses concerning sexual function precludes conclusions.

CONCLUSIONS: Although an initial reduction in QoL after TME occurs, it normalizes within the first year postoperatively. In concurrence with international results, we found that significant anorectal dysfunction is common after TaTME. No data on anorectal function was available for LaTME/RoTME patients for comparison. We found no indications that transanal TME is inferior to transabdominal TME surgery concerning urogenital functions or health-related QoL.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1997-2011
Antal sider15
ISSN0179-1958
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2022

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