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QT as a predictor of recurrence after atrial fibrillation ablation and the impact of amiodarone: results from the placebo-controlled AMIO-CAT trial

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@article{f0f359e351534c91982adfbac9bb46e0,
title = "QT as a predictor of recurrence after atrial fibrillation ablation and the impact of amiodarone: results from the placebo-controlled AMIO-CAT trial",
abstract = "AIMS: Prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) might be associated with arrhythmia recurrence after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The effect of short-term amiodarone in this setting remains unknown. This study seeks to quantify short-term amiodarone's impact on QTc, and to investigate QTc and amiodarone treatment as predictors of recurrence of arrhythmia after ablation.METHODS AND RESULTS: The Short-term AMIOdarone treatment after CATheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AMIO-CAT) trial randomized patients to 8 weeks of oral amiodarone or placebo following AF ablation. Scheduled and symptom-driven 12-lead electrocardiography and 3-day Holter-monitorings were performed. The endpoint was atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia (AF/AT) lasting >30 s. The cut-off for prolonged QTc was 450 ms for men and 460 ms for women. A total of 212 patients were included, of which 108 were randomized to amiodarone and 104 to placebo. From baseline to 1 month QTc in the amiodarone group increased by 27 (±30) ms, while at 6 months QTc had normalized. After 3-months of blanking, new AF/AT recurrence was detected in 63{\%} of patients with prolonged QTc vs. 41{\%} of patients with normal QTc at baseline, and in multivariate Cox regression, prolonged QTc was associated with AF/AT recurrence [hazard ratio (HR) 2.19, P = 0.023]. Among patients with baseline QTc below median, amiodarone treatment decreased the rate of AF/AT recurrences (HR 0.43, P = 0.008).CONCLUSIONS: Amiodarone increased QTc with 27 ms compared to placebo, and this effect decreased rapidly after drug discontinuation. Prolonged QTc at baseline independently predicted AF/AT recurrence, and baseline QTc identified patients who would possibly benefit from short-term amiodarone following ablation.",
keywords = "Ablation, Amiodarone, Atrial fibrillation, Corrected QT interval, Randomized controlled trial",
author = "Diederichsen, {S{\o}ren Z{\"o}ga} and Stine Darkner and Xu Chen and Arne Johannessen and Steen Pehrson and Jim Hansen and Svendsen, {Jesper Hastrup}",
note = "Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. {\circledC} The Author(s) 2019. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/europace/euz028",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "1055--1062",
journal = "Europace",
issn = "1099-5129",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - QT as a predictor of recurrence after atrial fibrillation ablation and the impact of amiodarone

T2 - results from the placebo-controlled AMIO-CAT trial

AU - Diederichsen, Søren Zöga

AU - Darkner, Stine

AU - Chen, Xu

AU - Johannessen, Arne

AU - Pehrson, Steen

AU - Hansen, Jim

AU - Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

N1 - Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author(s) 2019. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - AIMS: Prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) might be associated with arrhythmia recurrence after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The effect of short-term amiodarone in this setting remains unknown. This study seeks to quantify short-term amiodarone's impact on QTc, and to investigate QTc and amiodarone treatment as predictors of recurrence of arrhythmia after ablation.METHODS AND RESULTS: The Short-term AMIOdarone treatment after CATheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AMIO-CAT) trial randomized patients to 8 weeks of oral amiodarone or placebo following AF ablation. Scheduled and symptom-driven 12-lead electrocardiography and 3-day Holter-monitorings were performed. The endpoint was atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia (AF/AT) lasting >30 s. The cut-off for prolonged QTc was 450 ms for men and 460 ms for women. A total of 212 patients were included, of which 108 were randomized to amiodarone and 104 to placebo. From baseline to 1 month QTc in the amiodarone group increased by 27 (±30) ms, while at 6 months QTc had normalized. After 3-months of blanking, new AF/AT recurrence was detected in 63% of patients with prolonged QTc vs. 41% of patients with normal QTc at baseline, and in multivariate Cox regression, prolonged QTc was associated with AF/AT recurrence [hazard ratio (HR) 2.19, P = 0.023]. Among patients with baseline QTc below median, amiodarone treatment decreased the rate of AF/AT recurrences (HR 0.43, P = 0.008).CONCLUSIONS: Amiodarone increased QTc with 27 ms compared to placebo, and this effect decreased rapidly after drug discontinuation. Prolonged QTc at baseline independently predicted AF/AT recurrence, and baseline QTc identified patients who would possibly benefit from short-term amiodarone following ablation.

AB - AIMS: Prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) might be associated with arrhythmia recurrence after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The effect of short-term amiodarone in this setting remains unknown. This study seeks to quantify short-term amiodarone's impact on QTc, and to investigate QTc and amiodarone treatment as predictors of recurrence of arrhythmia after ablation.METHODS AND RESULTS: The Short-term AMIOdarone treatment after CATheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AMIO-CAT) trial randomized patients to 8 weeks of oral amiodarone or placebo following AF ablation. Scheduled and symptom-driven 12-lead electrocardiography and 3-day Holter-monitorings were performed. The endpoint was atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia (AF/AT) lasting >30 s. The cut-off for prolonged QTc was 450 ms for men and 460 ms for women. A total of 212 patients were included, of which 108 were randomized to amiodarone and 104 to placebo. From baseline to 1 month QTc in the amiodarone group increased by 27 (±30) ms, while at 6 months QTc had normalized. After 3-months of blanking, new AF/AT recurrence was detected in 63% of patients with prolonged QTc vs. 41% of patients with normal QTc at baseline, and in multivariate Cox regression, prolonged QTc was associated with AF/AT recurrence [hazard ratio (HR) 2.19, P = 0.023]. Among patients with baseline QTc below median, amiodarone treatment decreased the rate of AF/AT recurrences (HR 0.43, P = 0.008).CONCLUSIONS: Amiodarone increased QTc with 27 ms compared to placebo, and this effect decreased rapidly after drug discontinuation. Prolonged QTc at baseline independently predicted AF/AT recurrence, and baseline QTc identified patients who would possibly benefit from short-term amiodarone following ablation.

KW - Ablation

KW - Amiodarone

KW - Atrial fibrillation

KW - Corrected QT interval

KW - Randomized controlled trial

U2 - 10.1093/europace/euz028

DO - 10.1093/europace/euz028

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

SP - 1055

EP - 1062

JO - Europace

JF - Europace

SN - 1099-5129

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 57659929