Pulmonary diffusing capacity to nitric oxide and carbon monoxide during exercise and in the supine position: a test-retest reliability study

Anna Christrup Madsen, Rie Skovly Thomsen, Stine B Nymand, Jacob Peter Hartmann, Iben E Rasmussen, Milan Mohammad, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Birgitte Hanel, Simon Jønck, Ulrik Winning Iepsen, Regitse H Chistensen, Jann Mortensen, Ronan M G Berg*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question in this study? How reliable is the combined measurement of the pulmonary diffusing capacity to carbon monoxide and nitric oxide (DLCO/NO ) during exercise and in the resting supine position, respectively? What is the main finding and its importance? The DLCO/NO technique is reliable with a very low day-to-day variability both during exercise and in the resting supine position, and may thus provide a useful physiological outcome that reflects the alveolar-capillary reserve in humans.

ABSTRACT: DLCO/NO , the combined single-breath measurement of the diffusing capacity to carbon monoxide (DLCO ) and nitric oxide (DLNO ) measured either during exercise or in the resting supine position may be a useful physiological measure of alveolar-capillary reserve. In the present study, we investigated the between-day test-retest reliability of DLCO/NO -based metrics. Twenty healthy volunteers (10 males, 10 females; mean age 25 (SD 2) years) were randomized to repeated DLCO/NO measurements during upright rest followed by either exercise (n = 11) or resting in the supine position (n = 9). The measurements were repeated within 7 days. The smallest real difference (SRD), defined as the 95% confidence limit of the standard error of measurement (SEM), the coefficient of variance (CV), and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to assess test-retest reliability. SRD for DLNO was higher during upright rest (5.4 (95% CI: 4.1, 7.5) mmol/(min kPa)) than during exercise (2.7 (95% CI: 2.0, 3.9) mmol/(min kPa)) and in the supine position (3.0 (95% CI: 2.1, 4.8) mmol/(min kPa)). SRD for DLCOc was similar between conditions. CV values for DLNO were slightly lower than for DLCOc both during exercise (1.5 (95% CI: 1.2, 1.7) vs. 3.8 (95% CI: 3.2, 4.3)%) and in the supine position (2.2 (95% CI: 1.8, 2.5) vs. 4.8 (95% CI: 3.8, 5.4)%). DLNO increased by 12.3 (95% CI: 11.1, 13.4) and DLCOc by 3.3 (95% CI: 2.9, 3.7) mmol/(min kPa) from upright rest to exercise. The DLCO/NO technique provides reliable indices of alveolar-capillary reserve, both during exercise and in the supine position.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftExperimental Physiology
Vol/bind108
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)307-317
Antal sider11
ISSN0958-0670
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2023

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