Public Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Residential Neighborhoods

Anne Juul Grabmayr*, Fredrik Folke, Mads Christian Tofte Gregers, Louise Kollander, Nanna Bo, Linn Andelius, Theo Walter Jensen, Florian Ettl, Mario Krammel, Patrick Sulzgruber, Konstantin A Krychtiuk, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Carolina Malta Hansen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde


BACKGROUND: Although one-half of all public out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) occur outside private homes in residential neighborhoods, their characteristics and outcomes remain unexplored.

OBJECTIVES: The authors assessed interventions before ambulance arrival and survival for public OHCA patients in residential neighborhoods.

METHODS: Public OHCAs from Vienna (2018-2021) and Copenhagen (2016-2020) were designated residential neighborhoods or nonresidential areas. Interventions (cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR], automated external defibrillator [AED] attached, and defibrillation) and 30-day survival were compared using a generalized estimation equation model adjusted for age and time of day and presented as ORs.

RESULTS: We included 1,052 and 654 public OHCAs from Vienna and Copenhagen, respectively, and 68% and 55% occurred in residential neighborhoods, respectively. The likelihood of CPR, defibrillation, and survival in residential neighborhoods vs nonresidential areas (reference) were as follows: CPR Vienna, 73% vs 78%, OR: 0.78 (95% CI: 0.57-1.06), CPR Copenhagen, 83% vs 90%, OR: 0.54 (95% CI: 0.34-0.88), and CPR combined, 76% vs 84%, OR: 0.70 (95% CI: 0.53-0.90); AED attached Vienna, 36% vs 44%, OR: 0.69 (95% CI: 0.53-0.90), AED attached Copenhagen, 21% vs 43%, OR: 0.33 (95% CI: 0.24-0.48), and AED attached combined, 31% vs 44%, OR: 0.53 (95% CI: 0.42-0.65); defibrillation Vienna, 14% vs 20%, OR: 0.61 (95% CI: 0.43-0.87), defibrillation Copenhagen, 16% vs 36%, OR: 0.35 (95% CI: 0.24-0.51), and defibrillation combined, 15% vs 27%, OR: 0.46 (95% CI: 0.36-0.61); and 30-day survival rate Vienna, 21% vs 26%, OR: 0.84 (95% CI: 0.58-1.20), 30-day survival rate Copenhagen, 33% vs 44%, OR: 0.65 (95% CI: 0.47-0.90), and 30-day survival rate combined, 25% vs 36%, OR: 0.73 (95% CI: 0.58-0.93).

CONCLUSIONS: Two-thirds of public OHCAs occurred in residential neighborhoods with fewer resuscitative efforts before ambulance arrival and lower survival than in nonresidential areas. Targeted efforts to improve early CPR and defibrillation for public OHCA patients in residential neighborhoods are needed.

TidsskriftJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Udgave nummer18
Sider (fra-til)1777-1788
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 31 okt. 2023


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