Psychopharmacological treatment in patients planned for hip or knee replacement

Simon Kornvig*, Henrik Kehlet, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen, Anders Fink-Jensen, Poul Videbech, Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Kirill Gromov, Mathias Bæk Rasmussen, Manuel Josef Bieder, Claus Varnum

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

Psychopharmacological treatment may be an independent risk factor for increased length of stay and readmission after hip and knee replacement. Thus, temporary perioperative discontinuation may be beneficial. However, little is known regarding the treatments, and not all are feasible to discontinue. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the treatments in terms of type, dose, duration, indication and initiating physician to assess the feasibility of temporary perioperative discontinuation. We included 482 patients planned for hip or knee replacement in psychopharmacological treatment for psychiatric disorders from 2021 to 2023 at five orthopaedic departments in Denmark. Most patients were treated with antidepressants (89%); most frequently, either selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs; 48%) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs; 21%). The majority received monotherapy (70%); most frequently, an SSRI (36%) or an SNRI (12%). Most antidepressants were initiated by general practitioners (71%), and the treatments had lasted for more than a year (87%). The doses of SSRIs/SNRIs were moderate, and the most frequent indication for antidepressants was depression (77%). These results imply that temporary perioperative SSRI/SNRI discontinuation may be feasible in hip and knee replacement patients and support a future randomized controlled trial investigating the potential benefits of temporary discontinuation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBasic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology
Vol/bind135
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)52-59
Antal sider8
ISSN1742-7843
DOI
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2024

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Psychopharmacological treatment in patients planned for hip or knee replacement'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater