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Psychological predictors of weight loss after bariatric surgery: a review of the recent research

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@article{2b08b275d8434831a8ef84802bf6179e,
title = "Psychological predictors of weight loss after bariatric surgery: a review of the recent research",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is the fastest growing BMI group in the U.S. and the prevalence of morbid obesity worldwide has never been higher. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe forms of obesity especially with regard to a sustained long-term weight loss. Psychological factors are thought to play an important role for maintaining the surgical weight loss. However, results from prior research examining preoperative psychological predictors of weight loss outcome are inconsistent. The aim of this article was to review more recent literature on psychological predictors of surgical weight loss.METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycInfo and Web of Science, for original prospective studies with a sample size >30 and at least one year follow-up, using a combination of search terms such as 'bariatric surgery', 'morbid obesity', 'psychological predictors', and 'weight loss'. Only studies published after 2003 were included.RESULTS: 19 eligible studies were identified. Psychological predictors of surgical weight loss investigated in the reviewed studies include cognitive function, personality, psychiatric disorder, and eating behaviour.CONCLUSION: In general, recent research remains inconsistent, but the findings suggest that pre-surgical cognitive function, personality, mental health, composite psychological variables and binge eating may predict post-surgical weight loss to the extent that these factors influence post-operative eating behaviour.",
keywords = "Bariatric Surgery, Binge-Eating Disorder, Body Mass Index, Cognition, Demography, Feeding Behavior, Humans, Obesity, Morbid, Personality Disorders, Predictive Value of Tests, Prevalence, Treatment Outcome, United States, Weight Loss, Journal Article, Review",
author = "Wimmelmann, {Cathrine L} and Flemming Dela and Mortensen, {Erik L}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2013 Asian Oceanian Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.orcp.2013.09.003",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "e299--313",
journal = "Obesity Research and Clinical Practice",
issn = "1871-403X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological predictors of weight loss after bariatric surgery

T2 - a review of the recent research

AU - Wimmelmann, Cathrine L

AU - Dela, Flemming

AU - Mortensen, Erik L

N1 - Copyright © 2013 Asian Oceanian Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014/8/6

Y1 - 2014/8/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is the fastest growing BMI group in the U.S. and the prevalence of morbid obesity worldwide has never been higher. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe forms of obesity especially with regard to a sustained long-term weight loss. Psychological factors are thought to play an important role for maintaining the surgical weight loss. However, results from prior research examining preoperative psychological predictors of weight loss outcome are inconsistent. The aim of this article was to review more recent literature on psychological predictors of surgical weight loss.METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycInfo and Web of Science, for original prospective studies with a sample size >30 and at least one year follow-up, using a combination of search terms such as 'bariatric surgery', 'morbid obesity', 'psychological predictors', and 'weight loss'. Only studies published after 2003 were included.RESULTS: 19 eligible studies were identified. Psychological predictors of surgical weight loss investigated in the reviewed studies include cognitive function, personality, psychiatric disorder, and eating behaviour.CONCLUSION: In general, recent research remains inconsistent, but the findings suggest that pre-surgical cognitive function, personality, mental health, composite psychological variables and binge eating may predict post-surgical weight loss to the extent that these factors influence post-operative eating behaviour.

AB - BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is the fastest growing BMI group in the U.S. and the prevalence of morbid obesity worldwide has never been higher. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe forms of obesity especially with regard to a sustained long-term weight loss. Psychological factors are thought to play an important role for maintaining the surgical weight loss. However, results from prior research examining preoperative psychological predictors of weight loss outcome are inconsistent. The aim of this article was to review more recent literature on psychological predictors of surgical weight loss.METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycInfo and Web of Science, for original prospective studies with a sample size >30 and at least one year follow-up, using a combination of search terms such as 'bariatric surgery', 'morbid obesity', 'psychological predictors', and 'weight loss'. Only studies published after 2003 were included.RESULTS: 19 eligible studies were identified. Psychological predictors of surgical weight loss investigated in the reviewed studies include cognitive function, personality, psychiatric disorder, and eating behaviour.CONCLUSION: In general, recent research remains inconsistent, but the findings suggest that pre-surgical cognitive function, personality, mental health, composite psychological variables and binge eating may predict post-surgical weight loss to the extent that these factors influence post-operative eating behaviour.

KW - Bariatric Surgery

KW - Binge-Eating Disorder

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Cognition

KW - Demography

KW - Feeding Behavior

KW - Humans

KW - Obesity, Morbid

KW - Personality Disorders

KW - Predictive Value of Tests

KW - Prevalence

KW - Treatment Outcome

KW - United States

KW - Weight Loss

KW - Journal Article

KW - Review

U2 - 10.1016/j.orcp.2013.09.003

DO - 10.1016/j.orcp.2013.09.003

M3 - Review

VL - 8

SP - e299-313

JO - Obesity Research and Clinical Practice

JF - Obesity Research and Clinical Practice

SN - 1871-403X

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 51905661