Psychological predictors of acute postoperative pain after total knee and hip arthroplasty: A systematic review

Anders H Springborg*, Lasse Visby, Henrik Kehlet, Nicolai B Foss

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
5 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients at high risk of acute postoperative pain after total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA) will facilitate individualized pain management and research on the efficacy of treatment options. Numerous studies have reported that psychological patient factors may influence acute postoperative pain, but most reviews have focused on chronic pain and functional outcomes. This systematic review aims to evaluate which psychological metrics are associated with acute postoperative pain after TKA and THA.

METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using the databases PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library until June 2022. Full-text articles reporting associations of preoperative psychological factors with acute pain within 48 h of TKA or THA surgery were identified. Quality was assessed using the Quality in Prognostic Studies tool.

RESULTS: Eighteen studies containing 16 unique study populations were included. TKA was the most common procedure, and anxiety and depression were the most evaluated psychological metrics. Several different anesthetic techniques and analgesic regimens were used. The studies were generally rated as having a low to moderate risk of bias. Catastrophizing was associated with acute pain in six studies (of nine), mainly after TKA. In contrast, three studies (of 13) and two studies (of 13) found anxiety and depression, respectively, to be associated with acute postoperative pain.

CONCLUSION: Pain catastrophizing seemed to be the most consistent psychological predictor of acute postoperative pain after TKA. The results for other psychological factors and THA were inconsistent. However, the interpretation of results was limited by considerable methodological heterogeneity.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind67
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1322-1337
Antal sider16
ISSN0001-5172
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

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