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Prophylactic treatment of intraocular pressure elevation after uncomplicated cataract surgery in nonglaucomatous eyes - a systematic review

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The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the literature regarding prophylactic treatment of intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation after uncomplicated cataract surgery to provide an evidence-based guideline for cataract surgeons. The relevant literature was identified in EMBASE and PubMed. The risk of bias was assessed according to the 'Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions' and the ROBINS-I tool. The Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) criteria were used to rate the quality of evidence, and relevant data were systematically extracted to evaluate the pressure-lowering effect of the active substances. The primary outcomes for this systematic review were the absolute and relative pressure-lowering effect of the different drugs after 3-8 hr and 1 day after surgery. In total, 23 randomized controlled trials and one nonrandomized controlled study consisting of 45 treatment arms with 14 different active substances were included in the qualitative synthesis. According to the GRADE criteria, nine trials were graded as 'high' quality of evidence, 12 trials as 'moderate', while three trials were given the grade 'low' quality of evidence. The primary outcomes showed most consistency between the trials, which studied the effect of timolol, and presented a relative effect from 18.6% to 29.6% at 3-8 hr and 9.8% to 23.6% at day 1. This systematic review indicates that timolol, latanoprost and travoprost alone or medications containing timolol as an additive active substance, such as dorzolamide + timolol, brinzolamide + timolol and brimonidine + timolol, are characterized by a good relative IOP-lowering effect, which can be gained by a single dose postoperatively.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Ophthalmologica
Vol/bind97
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)545-557
Antal sider13
ISSN1755-375X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2019

Bibliografisk note

© 2019 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

ID: 59168923