Prolonged local forearm hyperinsulinemia induces sustained enhancement of nitric oxide-dependent vasodilation in healthy subjects

Abstract

Systemic hyperinsulinemia induces enhancement of endothelium-dependent vasodilation of healthy subjects. During systemic infusion of insulin, endothelium-dependent vasodilation may be improved through a decrease in the concentration of free fatty acids. To explore the direct effect of continued insulin on the vascular endothelium, the authors infused insulin in the brachial artery for 4 h and measured the effect on endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the human forearm. Thirty-six experiments were performed in healthy subjects, mean age 47.7 +/- 1.1 years. Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatation was studied during intra-arterial infusion of serotonin and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), respectively. Forearm blood flow was measured by plethysmography. Intra-arterial insulin was infused for 240 min at a constant rate and blood flow was measured hourly during stimulation of endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation.N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) was coinfused to test the degree of nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation. Insulin infusion for 60 min enhanced serotonin-induced vasodilation by 37% compared to vehicle, p = .016. This increase was maintained for 4 h and was blocked by L-NMMA. The SNP response was increased by insulin but the increment was inhibited by L-NMMA. Four hours of local forearm hyperinsulinemia causes a sustained increase in endothelium dependent vasodilation in resistance vessels, which is mediated by NO.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEndothelium : journal of endothelial cell research
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer5-6
Sider (fra-til)231-9
Antal sider9
ISSN1062-3329
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 mar. 2005

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