Prognostic value of proliferation in pleomorphic soft tissue sarcomas: a new look at an old measure

Jojanneke M Seinen, Mats Jönsson, Pär-Ola O Bendahl, Bo Baldetorp, Eva Rambech, Måns Akerman, Anders Rydholm, Mef Nilbert, Ana Carneiro

1 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Though proliferation has repeatedly shown a prognostic role in sarcomas, it has not reached clinical application. We performed a comprehensive evaluation of the prognostic role of 5 proliferation measures in a large series of soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities and the trunk wall. One hundred ninety-six primary soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities and the trunk wall were subjected to DNA flow cytometry for quantification of S-phase fraction and to immunohistochemical evaluation of Ki-67, Top2a, p21, and p27Kip1. In univariate analysis, positive expression of Ki-67 (hazard ratio = 4.5, CI = 1.6-12.1), Top2a (hazard ratio = 2.2, CI = 1.2-3.5) and high S-phase fraction (hazard ratio = 1.8, CI = 1.2-3.7) significantly correlated with risk for metastasis. When combined with currently used prognostic factors, Ki-67, S-phase fraction and Top2a fraction contributed to refined identification of prognostic risk groups. Proliferation, as assessed by expression of Ki-67 and Top2a and evaluation of S-phase fraction and applied to statistical decision-tree models, provides prognostic information in soft tissue sarcomas of the extremity and trunk wall. Though proliferation contributes independently to currently applied prognosticators, its role is particularly strong when few other factors are available, which suggests a role in preoperative decision-making related to identification of high-risk individuals who would benefit from neoadjuvant therapy.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHuman Pathology
Vol/bind43
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)2247-54
Antal sider8
ISSN0046-8177
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

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