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Prognostic value of left ventricular mitral annular longitudinal displacement obtained by tissue Doppler imaging in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction

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BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) can be used to measure the mitral annular longitudinal displacement (LD) during systole. However, the prognostic utility of global and regional LD in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is unknown.

METHODS: Echocardiographic examinations from 907 patients with HFrEF were analysed obtaining conventional echocardiographic measurements. Regional LD was obtained from colour TDI projections in six mitral annular regions and global LD was calculated as an average.

RESULTS: Mean age was 67 years, 26.9% were women and mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 27%. During a median follow-up period of 40 months, 150 (16.5 %) patients died. The risk of dying increased with decreasing tertile of global LD and was approximately five times higher for patients in the lowest tertile compared with the highest (1. tertile vs 3. tertile, HR 4.9, 95% CI: 3.0 to 7.9, p<0.001).Global LD was a significant independent predictor of mortality after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, pacemaker, heart rate, atrial fibrillation, diabetes and conventional echocardiographic measures and global longitudinal strain: HR 1.16 (95% CI: 1.00 to 1.34, p=0.044) per 1 mm decrease.For regional measures, inferior LD was also a significant independent predictor in the multivariable model: HR 1.16 (95% CI: 1.04 to 1.29, p=0.006) and adding inferior LD to the conventional measures yielded a significant increase in Harrell's C-statistic (95% CI: 0.75 to 0.78, p=0.009).

CONCLUSION: In patients with HFrEF, global and inferior LD are independent predictors of all-cause mortality. Furthermore, inferior LD proved to be a significant prognosticator when compared with all the conventional echocardiographic parameters.

TidsskriftOpen Heart
Udgave nummer1
StatusUdgivet - 25 jan. 2021

Bibliografisk note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

ID: 61894125