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Prognostic Value of Early Systolic Lengthening by Strain Imaging in Type 2 Diabetes

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@article{1c03c2c7f4d94690a79b53a9a80e2f32,
title = "Prognostic Value of Early Systolic Lengthening by Strain Imaging in Type 2 Diabetes",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have increased risk for subclinical myocardial disease. Early systolic lengthening (ESL), a paradoxical stretch of myocardial fibers, is a sensitive marker of myocardial dysfunction. The aims of this study were to investigate the prognostic value of ESL in patients with T2D and to determine if global longitudinal strain (GLS) modifies this relationship.METHODS: In this prospective study, speckle-tracking echocardiography was conducted in 703 patients with T2D (62% men; mean age, 63 ± 10 years; median diabetes duration, 11 years; interquartile range, 6-17 years). Patients had no histories of significant heart disease. ESL index was assessed as [-100 × (peak positive systolic strain/maximal strain)] and ESL duration as time from QRS complex on the electrocardiogram to time of peak positive systolic strain. P values ≤ .004 were considered to indicate statistical significance.RESULTS: During a median follow-up time of 4.8 years (interquartile range, 4.1-5.3 years), 86 patients (12%) experienced major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of incident heart failure, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death. In multivariate models, only the ESL index (hazard ratio [HR], 1.06 per 1% increase; 95% CI, 1.01-1.010; P = .004) but not ESL duration (HR, 1.02 per 1-ms increase; 95% CI, 1.00-1.03; P = .036) were associated with MACE. GLS modified this relationship (P for interaction < .05) such that in patients with low GLS (>-18%), ESL index (HR, 1.06 per 1% increase; 95% CI, 1.02-1.10; P = .003) was associated with MACE, but ESL duration was not (HR, 1.02 per 1-ms increase; 95% CI, 1.00-1.04; P = .005). No associations were found for high GLS (<-18%).CONCLUSIONS: In patients with T2D and no histories of heart disease, ESL provides prognostic information on MACE and may potentially aid in cardiovascular risk stratification.",
keywords = "Deformation, Early systolic lengthening, Prognosis, Speckle-tracking echocardiography, Type 2 diabetes",
author = "Philip Brainin and Tor Biering-S{\o}rensen and Jensen, {Magnus T} and Rasmus M{\o}gelvang and Thomas Fritz-Hansen and Tina Vilsb{\o}ll and Peter Rossing and J{\o}rgensen, {Peter Godsk}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/j.echo.2020.09.008",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "127--135",
journal = "Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography",
issn = "0894-7317",
publisher = "Mosby, Inc",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prognostic Value of Early Systolic Lengthening by Strain Imaging in Type 2 Diabetes

AU - Brainin, Philip

AU - Biering-Sørensen, Tor

AU - Jensen, Magnus T

AU - Møgelvang, Rasmus

AU - Fritz-Hansen, Thomas

AU - Vilsbøll, Tina

AU - Rossing, Peter

AU - Jørgensen, Peter Godsk

N1 - Copyright © 2020 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have increased risk for subclinical myocardial disease. Early systolic lengthening (ESL), a paradoxical stretch of myocardial fibers, is a sensitive marker of myocardial dysfunction. The aims of this study were to investigate the prognostic value of ESL in patients with T2D and to determine if global longitudinal strain (GLS) modifies this relationship.METHODS: In this prospective study, speckle-tracking echocardiography was conducted in 703 patients with T2D (62% men; mean age, 63 ± 10 years; median diabetes duration, 11 years; interquartile range, 6-17 years). Patients had no histories of significant heart disease. ESL index was assessed as [-100 × (peak positive systolic strain/maximal strain)] and ESL duration as time from QRS complex on the electrocardiogram to time of peak positive systolic strain. P values ≤ .004 were considered to indicate statistical significance.RESULTS: During a median follow-up time of 4.8 years (interquartile range, 4.1-5.3 years), 86 patients (12%) experienced major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of incident heart failure, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death. In multivariate models, only the ESL index (hazard ratio [HR], 1.06 per 1% increase; 95% CI, 1.01-1.010; P = .004) but not ESL duration (HR, 1.02 per 1-ms increase; 95% CI, 1.00-1.03; P = .036) were associated with MACE. GLS modified this relationship (P for interaction < .05) such that in patients with low GLS (>-18%), ESL index (HR, 1.06 per 1% increase; 95% CI, 1.02-1.10; P = .003) was associated with MACE, but ESL duration was not (HR, 1.02 per 1-ms increase; 95% CI, 1.00-1.04; P = .005). No associations were found for high GLS (<-18%).CONCLUSIONS: In patients with T2D and no histories of heart disease, ESL provides prognostic information on MACE and may potentially aid in cardiovascular risk stratification.

AB - BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have increased risk for subclinical myocardial disease. Early systolic lengthening (ESL), a paradoxical stretch of myocardial fibers, is a sensitive marker of myocardial dysfunction. The aims of this study were to investigate the prognostic value of ESL in patients with T2D and to determine if global longitudinal strain (GLS) modifies this relationship.METHODS: In this prospective study, speckle-tracking echocardiography was conducted in 703 patients with T2D (62% men; mean age, 63 ± 10 years; median diabetes duration, 11 years; interquartile range, 6-17 years). Patients had no histories of significant heart disease. ESL index was assessed as [-100 × (peak positive systolic strain/maximal strain)] and ESL duration as time from QRS complex on the electrocardiogram to time of peak positive systolic strain. P values ≤ .004 were considered to indicate statistical significance.RESULTS: During a median follow-up time of 4.8 years (interquartile range, 4.1-5.3 years), 86 patients (12%) experienced major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of incident heart failure, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death. In multivariate models, only the ESL index (hazard ratio [HR], 1.06 per 1% increase; 95% CI, 1.01-1.010; P = .004) but not ESL duration (HR, 1.02 per 1-ms increase; 95% CI, 1.00-1.03; P = .036) were associated with MACE. GLS modified this relationship (P for interaction < .05) such that in patients with low GLS (>-18%), ESL index (HR, 1.06 per 1% increase; 95% CI, 1.02-1.10; P = .003) was associated with MACE, but ESL duration was not (HR, 1.02 per 1-ms increase; 95% CI, 1.00-1.04; P = .005). No associations were found for high GLS (<-18%).CONCLUSIONS: In patients with T2D and no histories of heart disease, ESL provides prognostic information on MACE and may potentially aid in cardiovascular risk stratification.

KW - Deformation

KW - Early systolic lengthening

KW - Prognosis

KW - Speckle-tracking echocardiography

KW - Type 2 diabetes

U2 - 10.1016/j.echo.2020.09.008

DO - 10.1016/j.echo.2020.09.008

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33132020

VL - 34

SP - 127

EP - 135

JO - Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography

JF - Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography

SN - 0894-7317

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 61252194