Progastrin processing during antral G-cell hypersecretion in humans

S Jensen, K Borch, L Hilsted, J F Rehfeld

Abstract

Using radioimmunoassays specific for essential processing sites of human progastrin in combination with chromatography before and after cleavage with trypsin and carboxypeptidase B, we have examined antral biopsy specimens and serum from 10 hypergastrinemic patients with fundic atrophic gastritis and 7 normal control subjects. Four types of processing were studied: N-terminal proteolysis (at the N-terminus of component I, gastrin 34, and gastrin 17); C-terminal proteolysis (at the C-terminus of the amide donor, glycine93 in preprogastrin); alpha-carboxyamidation (of phenylalanine92); and O-sulfation (of tyrosine87). The results show that progastrin during permanent G-cell hypersecretion is less completely processed with respect to C-terminal proteolysis, alpha-amidation, and tyrosine-sulfation. In contrast, the degree of N-terminal proteolysis is normal. Thus, the processing of progastrin adjacent to the active site of gastrin is more restrictively controlled than N-terminal processing during G-cell hypersecretion associated with pernicious anemia.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGastroenterology
Vol/bind96
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1063-70
Antal sider8
ISSN0016-5085
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 1989
Udgivet eksterntJa

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