Prevention of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonisation in cystic fibrosis by early treatment

N H Valerius, C Koch, N Høiby

Abstract

To assess whether chronic pulmonary colonisation with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis is preventable, 26 patients who had never received anti-pseudomonas chemotherapy were randomly allocated to groups receiving either no anti-pseudomonas chemotherapy or oral ciprofloxacin and aerosol inhalations of colistin twice daily for 3 weeks, whenever Ps aeruginosa was isolated from routine sputum cultures. During the 27 months of the trial, infection with Ps aeruginosa became chronic in significantly fewer treated than untreated subjects (2 [14%] vs 7 [58%]; p less than 0.05) and there were significantly fewer Ps aeruginosa isolates in routine sputum cultures in the treated group (49/214 [23%] vs 64/158 [41%]; p = 0.0006). Thus, chronic colonisation with Ps aeruginosa can be prevented in cystic fibrosis by early institution of anti-pseudomonas chemotherapy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftLancet
Vol/bind338
Udgave nummer8769
Sider (fra-til)725-6
Antal sider2
ISSN0140-6736
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 21 sep. 1991
Udgivet eksterntJa

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