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Prevalence and risk factors for back pain in sports: a systematic review with meta-analysis

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Wilson, F, Ardern, CL, Hartvigsen, J, Dane, K, Trompeter, K, Trease, L, Vinther, A, Gissane, C, McDonnell, S-J, Caneiro, JP, Newlands, C, Wilkie, K, Mockler, D & Thornton, JS 2021, 'Prevalence and risk factors for back pain in sports: a systematic review with meta-analysis', British Journal of Sports Medicine, bind 55, nr. 11, s. 601-607. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102537

APA

Wilson, F., Ardern, C. L., Hartvigsen, J., Dane, K., Trompeter, K., Trease, L., Vinther, A., Gissane, C., McDonnell, S-J., Caneiro, J. P., Newlands, C., Wilkie, K., Mockler, D., & Thornton, J. S. (2021). Prevalence and risk factors for back pain in sports: a systematic review with meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55(11), 601-607. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102537

CBE

Wilson F, Ardern CL, Hartvigsen J, Dane K, Trompeter K, Trease L, Vinther A, Gissane C, McDonnell S-J, Caneiro JP, Newlands C, Wilkie K, Mockler D, Thornton JS. 2021. Prevalence and risk factors for back pain in sports: a systematic review with meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 55(11):601-607. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102537

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Wilson, Fiona ; Ardern, Clare L ; Hartvigsen, Jan ; Dane, Kathryn ; Trompeter, Katharina ; Trease, Larissa ; Vinther, Anders ; Gissane, Conor ; McDonnell, Sarah-Jane ; Caneiro, J P ; Newlands, Craig ; Wilkie, Kellie ; Mockler, David ; Thornton, Jane S. / Prevalence and risk factors for back pain in sports : a systematic review with meta-analysis. I: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2021 ; Bind 55, Nr. 11. s. 601-607.

Bibtex

@article{6bb35e940c44423b930ebed46f99bbb2,
title = "Prevalence and risk factors for back pain in sports: a systematic review with meta-analysis",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in sport, and what risk factors were associated with LBP in athletes.DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis.DATA SOURCES: Literature searches from database inception to June 2019 in Medline, Embase, Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science and Scopus, supplemented by grey literature searching.ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies evaluating prevalence of LBP in adult athletes across all sports.RESULTS: Eighty-six studies were included (30 732, range 20-5958, participants), of which 45 were of 'high' quality. Definitions of LBP varied widely, and in 17 studies, no definition was provided. High-quality studies were pooled and the mean point prevalence across six studies was 42%; range 18%-80% (95% CI 27% to 58%, I2=97%). Lifetime prevalence across 13 studies was 63%; range 36%-88% (95% CI 51% to 74%, I2=99%). Twelve-month LBP prevalence from 22 studies was 51%; range 12%-94% (95% CI 41% to 61%, I2=98%). Comparison across sports was limited by participant numbers, study quality and methodologies, and varying LBP definitions. Risk factors for LBP included history of a previous episode with a pooled OR of 3.5; range 1.6-4.0 (95% CI 1.9 to 6.4). Statistically significant associations were reported for high training volume, periods of load increase and years of exposure to the sport.CONCLUSION: LBP in sport is common but estimates vary. Current evidence is insufficient to identify which sports are at highest risk. A previous episode of LBP, high training volume, periods of load increase and years of exposure are common risk factors.",
keywords = "athlete, epidemiology, lower back, lumbar spine, sport",
author = "Fiona Wilson and Ardern, {Clare L} and Jan Hartvigsen and Kathryn Dane and Katharina Trompeter and Larissa Trease and Anders Vinther and Conor Gissane and Sarah-Jane McDonnell and Caneiro, {J P} and Craig Newlands and Kellie Wilkie and David Mockler and Thornton, {Jane S}",
note = "{\textcopyright} Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1136/bjsports-2020-102537",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "601--607",
journal = "British Journal of Sports Medicine",
issn = "0306-3674",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and risk factors for back pain in sports

T2 - a systematic review with meta-analysis

AU - Wilson, Fiona

AU - Ardern, Clare L

AU - Hartvigsen, Jan

AU - Dane, Kathryn

AU - Trompeter, Katharina

AU - Trease, Larissa

AU - Vinther, Anders

AU - Gissane, Conor

AU - McDonnell, Sarah-Jane

AU - Caneiro, J P

AU - Newlands, Craig

AU - Wilkie, Kellie

AU - Mockler, David

AU - Thornton, Jane S

N1 - © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

PY - 2021/6/1

Y1 - 2021/6/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in sport, and what risk factors were associated with LBP in athletes.DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis.DATA SOURCES: Literature searches from database inception to June 2019 in Medline, Embase, Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science and Scopus, supplemented by grey literature searching.ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies evaluating prevalence of LBP in adult athletes across all sports.RESULTS: Eighty-six studies were included (30 732, range 20-5958, participants), of which 45 were of 'high' quality. Definitions of LBP varied widely, and in 17 studies, no definition was provided. High-quality studies were pooled and the mean point prevalence across six studies was 42%; range 18%-80% (95% CI 27% to 58%, I2=97%). Lifetime prevalence across 13 studies was 63%; range 36%-88% (95% CI 51% to 74%, I2=99%). Twelve-month LBP prevalence from 22 studies was 51%; range 12%-94% (95% CI 41% to 61%, I2=98%). Comparison across sports was limited by participant numbers, study quality and methodologies, and varying LBP definitions. Risk factors for LBP included history of a previous episode with a pooled OR of 3.5; range 1.6-4.0 (95% CI 1.9 to 6.4). Statistically significant associations were reported for high training volume, periods of load increase and years of exposure to the sport.CONCLUSION: LBP in sport is common but estimates vary. Current evidence is insufficient to identify which sports are at highest risk. A previous episode of LBP, high training volume, periods of load increase and years of exposure are common risk factors.

AB - OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in sport, and what risk factors were associated with LBP in athletes.DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis.DATA SOURCES: Literature searches from database inception to June 2019 in Medline, Embase, Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science and Scopus, supplemented by grey literature searching.ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies evaluating prevalence of LBP in adult athletes across all sports.RESULTS: Eighty-six studies were included (30 732, range 20-5958, participants), of which 45 were of 'high' quality. Definitions of LBP varied widely, and in 17 studies, no definition was provided. High-quality studies were pooled and the mean point prevalence across six studies was 42%; range 18%-80% (95% CI 27% to 58%, I2=97%). Lifetime prevalence across 13 studies was 63%; range 36%-88% (95% CI 51% to 74%, I2=99%). Twelve-month LBP prevalence from 22 studies was 51%; range 12%-94% (95% CI 41% to 61%, I2=98%). Comparison across sports was limited by participant numbers, study quality and methodologies, and varying LBP definitions. Risk factors for LBP included history of a previous episode with a pooled OR of 3.5; range 1.6-4.0 (95% CI 1.9 to 6.4). Statistically significant associations were reported for high training volume, periods of load increase and years of exposure to the sport.CONCLUSION: LBP in sport is common but estimates vary. Current evidence is insufficient to identify which sports are at highest risk. A previous episode of LBP, high training volume, periods of load increase and years of exposure are common risk factors.

KW - athlete

KW - epidemiology

KW - lower back

KW - lumbar spine

KW - sport

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85094923277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102537

DO - 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102537

M3 - Review

C2 - 33077481

VL - 55

SP - 601

EP - 607

JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0306-3674

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 62081442