Prevalence and geographical distribution of insulin pump therapy in the Central Denmark Region and its association with metabolic parameters

Ulla Kampmann, Lene Ring Madsen, Lasse Bjerg, Daniel R Witte, Kjeld Hasselstrøm, Torben Østergård, Kirsten Alstrup, Marianne Kleis Møller, Dorrit Dylmer, Klavs Würgler Hansen

11 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

AIMS: Insulin treatment in type 1 diabetes encompasses multiple daily insulin injections (MDI) or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). Both population-based studies and comparative studies regarding CSII use are sparse. The aim of the current study was to describe the prevalence and distribution of CSII use among adults with type 1 diabetes in the Central Denmark Region and to compare metabolic control in CSII-treated patients to those treated with MDI.

METHODS: A database was constructed using the Danish Adult Diabetes Registry in 2014/2015 in combination with an audit of the patients' medical records.

RESULTS: 3909 adults with type 1 diabetes patients were included. The proportion of patients treated with CSII differed significantly between the 8 regional hospitals from 12.0% to 31.1%. CSII users had a significantly lower HbA1c compared to MDI treated patients (7.6% (60 mmol/mol) versus 8.0% (64 mmol/mol)) in unadjusted analyses. After adjustment for clinically relevant characteristics the difference between CSII and MDI-treated patients was attenuated, but remained statistically significant.

CONCLUSION: The distribution of CSII differed markedly between hospitals and CSII users had better glycemic control, even after adjustment for sex, age, BMI, diabetes duration, smoking, use of lipid-lowering and blood pressure-lowering medication.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Vol/bind141
Sider (fra-til)148-155
Antal sider8
ISSN0168-8227
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2018

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