Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Prevalence and causes of infantile nystagmus in a large population-based Danish cohort

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. The tolerance of anisometropia

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Loss of retinal tension and permanent decrease in retinal function: a new porcine model of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Prevalence and histopathological signatures of optic disc drusen based on microscopy of 1713 enucleated eyes

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Novel Clinical and Radiological Findings in a Family with Autosomal Recessive Omodysplasia

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Ocular complications and prophylactic strategies in Stickler syndrome: a systematic literature review

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

  3. upd(20)mat is a rare cause of the Silver-Russell-syndrome-like phenotype: Two unrelated cases and screening of large cohorts

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  4. Distribution of risk alleles in patients with age-related macular degeneration

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to provide a population-based estimate on the prevalence of infantile nystagmus and to describe the causes in the Capital Region of Denmark.

METHODS: Review of medical records of children with infantile nystagmus born in the period 1 January 2010 through 31 December 2017 and living in the Capital Region of Denmark. We used birth registry data from Statistics Denmark and the National Danish Birth Registry to calculate the prevalence of nystagmus in children born at term and prematurely.

RESULTS: A total of 103 patients (52 males/51 females) with infantile nystagmus were included. The overall prevalence of infantile nystagmus was 6.1 per 10 000 live births. It was higher in premature children (28.4/10 000 live births) than children born at term (4.4/10 000), p < 0.0001, and highest in children born extremely preterm, (97.3/10 000). The most common cause of infantile nystagmus was ocular disease (44%) followed by idiopathic nystagmus (32%), neurological disorders and genetic syndromes (20%) and prematurity without retinopathy of prematurity as the only cause (4%).

CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we provide the prevalence of infantile nystagmus based on national medical records in which all residents are accounted for. Our findings show a prevalence of 6.1 per 10 000 live births but six times higher among children born preterm than born at term. Ocular disease was the leading cause of infantile nystagmus with albinism and ocular malformations as the most frequent. In 1/3 of patients, no cause could be identified.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Ophthalmologica
Vol/bind98
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)506-513
Antal sider8
ISSN1755-375X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

Bibliografisk note

© 2020 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

ID: 59384216