AIMS: To evaluate pregnancy outcomes in a real-world setting of pregnant women with type 1 diabetes using the ultra-long-acting insulin analog degludec compared to other long-acting insulin analogs throughout pregnancy.
METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study. The prospective cohort included consecutive, singleton pregnant women with type 1 diabetes receiving long-acting insulin analogs both before and during pregnancy: 67 women using degludec compared to 95 women using other long-acting insulin analogs in a routine care setting.
RESULTS: Women using degludec had similar clinical characteristics as women using other long-acting insulin analogs including HbA1c at 9 gestational weeks [6.5 (6.2-6.9) % (48 (44-52) mmol/mol) versus 6.5 (6.0-7.0) % (47 (42-53) mmol/mol), p = 0.52] and at 35 gestational weeks [6.0 (5.6-6.5) % (42 (38-47) mmol/mol) versus 6.1 (5.6-6.5) % (43 (38-48) mmol/mol), p = 0.68]. Pregnancy outcomes were similar regarding preeclampsia [10% (7/67) versus 8% (8/95), p = 0.66] and preterm delivery before 37 gestational weeks [16% (11/67) versus 23% (22/95), p = 0.29]. There were no perinatal deaths, and neonatal outcomes as large for gestational age infants [37% (25/67) versus 39% (37/95), p = 0.83], small for gestational age infants [4% (3/67) versus 5% (5/95), p = 1.0] and neonatal hypoglycemia [32% (21/65) versus 41% (34/83), p = 0.28] were similar between women using degludec and other long-acting insulin analogs.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of degludec during pregnancy resulted in similar pregnancy outcomes as use of other long-acting insulin analogs in women with type 1 diabetes in a real-world setting. This suggests that degludec initiated before pregnancy can be continued throughout gestation.