Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Predictors of treatment outcomes for trauma-affected refugees - results from two randomised trials

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{e2ac9606fcb44dff8e8fd73bcdbe63f1,
title = "Predictors of treatment outcomes for trauma-affected refugees - results from two randomised trials",
abstract = "Introduction: Treatment effects in trials with trauma-affected refugees vary considerably between studies, but the variability in outcome between individual patients is often overlooked. Consequently, we know little about why some patients benefit more from treatment than others. The aim of the study was therefore to identify predictors of treatment outcome for refugees with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Methods: Data was derived from two randomised trials including 321 refugees, who had all participated in a 6-7 months bio-psycho-social treatment programme. Outcome measures were the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (PTSD, self-rating), Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (depression and anxiety, self-rating) and Hamilton Depression and Anxiety rating scales (observer-ratings). Using hierarchical regressions models, associations were analysed between pre- to post treatment score changes (dependent variable) and a range of variables including sociodemographics, pre-migration trauma, post-migratory stressors, baseline symptom scores and level of functioning. Results: A high baseline score (=more symptoms) and a high level of functioning were found to be associated with improvement on all ratings. Additionally, the following variables were associated with symptom improvement on at least one outcome measure: short time in host country, full time occupation, young age and status as family reunified (in contrast to refugee status). Being Muslim was inversely correlated with improvement. Limitations: Translated self-ratings were used, which could impact reliability. Conclusion: These results call for screening and early interventions for arriving refugees. For clinical populations, level of functioning should be included in assessments of refugees, to possibly begin stratifying samples to different interventions based on their likelihood of responding.",
keywords = "Depression, PTSD, Predictor, Refugee, Trauma",
author = "Sonne, {Charlotte K{\ae}rgaard} and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and Derrick Silove and Sabina Palic-Kapic and Carlsson, {Jessica Mariana}",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.095",
language = "English",
volume = "282",
pages = "194--202",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of treatment outcomes for trauma-affected refugees - results from two randomised trials

AU - Sonne, Charlotte Kærgaard

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Silove, Derrick

AU - Palic-Kapic, Sabina

AU - Carlsson, Jessica Mariana

PY - 2021/3/1

Y1 - 2021/3/1

N2 - Introduction: Treatment effects in trials with trauma-affected refugees vary considerably between studies, but the variability in outcome between individual patients is often overlooked. Consequently, we know little about why some patients benefit more from treatment than others. The aim of the study was therefore to identify predictors of treatment outcome for refugees with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Methods: Data was derived from two randomised trials including 321 refugees, who had all participated in a 6-7 months bio-psycho-social treatment programme. Outcome measures were the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (PTSD, self-rating), Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (depression and anxiety, self-rating) and Hamilton Depression and Anxiety rating scales (observer-ratings). Using hierarchical regressions models, associations were analysed between pre- to post treatment score changes (dependent variable) and a range of variables including sociodemographics, pre-migration trauma, post-migratory stressors, baseline symptom scores and level of functioning. Results: A high baseline score (=more symptoms) and a high level of functioning were found to be associated with improvement on all ratings. Additionally, the following variables were associated with symptom improvement on at least one outcome measure: short time in host country, full time occupation, young age and status as family reunified (in contrast to refugee status). Being Muslim was inversely correlated with improvement. Limitations: Translated self-ratings were used, which could impact reliability. Conclusion: These results call for screening and early interventions for arriving refugees. For clinical populations, level of functioning should be included in assessments of refugees, to possibly begin stratifying samples to different interventions based on their likelihood of responding.

AB - Introduction: Treatment effects in trials with trauma-affected refugees vary considerably between studies, but the variability in outcome between individual patients is often overlooked. Consequently, we know little about why some patients benefit more from treatment than others. The aim of the study was therefore to identify predictors of treatment outcome for refugees with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Methods: Data was derived from two randomised trials including 321 refugees, who had all participated in a 6-7 months bio-psycho-social treatment programme. Outcome measures were the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (PTSD, self-rating), Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (depression and anxiety, self-rating) and Hamilton Depression and Anxiety rating scales (observer-ratings). Using hierarchical regressions models, associations were analysed between pre- to post treatment score changes (dependent variable) and a range of variables including sociodemographics, pre-migration trauma, post-migratory stressors, baseline symptom scores and level of functioning. Results: A high baseline score (=more symptoms) and a high level of functioning were found to be associated with improvement on all ratings. Additionally, the following variables were associated with symptom improvement on at least one outcome measure: short time in host country, full time occupation, young age and status as family reunified (in contrast to refugee status). Being Muslim was inversely correlated with improvement. Limitations: Translated self-ratings were used, which could impact reliability. Conclusion: These results call for screening and early interventions for arriving refugees. For clinical populations, level of functioning should be included in assessments of refugees, to possibly begin stratifying samples to different interventions based on their likelihood of responding.

KW - Depression

KW - PTSD

KW - Predictor

KW - Refugee

KW - Trauma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85098970156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.095

DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.095

M3 - Journal article

VL - 282

SP - 194

EP - 202

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 61652537