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Predictors of treatment outcome in patients with paediatric onset multiple sclerosis

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@article{aaf3fdc043964cf9af8f2271a8f83024,
title = "Predictors of treatment outcome in patients with paediatric onset multiple sclerosis",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Disease-modifying therapies (DMT) are increasingly used for children with multiple sclerosis (MS) even though most double-blinded randomized controlled trials evaluating efficacy, safety and dosing strategy of a specific drug have included adults.OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of treatment outcomes in patients with paediatric onset MS treated with DMTs.METHODS: Prospective cohort study from the nationwide Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry including all patients with a MS diagnosis who initiated treatment with an approved DMT before the age of 18 (N = 137) and followed until their 25th birthday. Selected baseline predictors were tested in univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: Multivariate analyses showed that being female and having disease duration for 2 or more years prior to DMT initiation predicted a higher relapse rate. In addition, disease duration and baseline expanded disability status scale (EDSS) predicted both confirmed disability worsening and improvement. We found no difference in treatment outcome between children with MS onset before and after the age of 13 years.CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of DMT in paediatric onset MS patients is comparable to that seen in adult onset MS patients. Earlier treatment start is associated with a beneficial prognosis in the paediatric cohort.",
author = "Kopp, {Tine Iskov} and Morten Blinkenberg and Chalmer, {Thor Ameri} and Thor Petersen and Ravnborg, {Mads Henrik} and {Soelberg S{\o}rensen}, Per and Melinda Magyari",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1177/1352458519846100",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "964--975",
journal = "Multiple Sclerosis Journal",
issn = "1352-4585",
publisher = "Sage Science Press (UK)",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of treatment outcome in patients with paediatric onset multiple sclerosis

AU - Kopp, Tine Iskov

AU - Blinkenberg, Morten

AU - Chalmer, Thor Ameri

AU - Petersen, Thor

AU - Ravnborg, Mads Henrik

AU - Soelberg Sørensen, Per

AU - Magyari, Melinda

PY - 2020/7

Y1 - 2020/7

N2 - BACKGROUND: Disease-modifying therapies (DMT) are increasingly used for children with multiple sclerosis (MS) even though most double-blinded randomized controlled trials evaluating efficacy, safety and dosing strategy of a specific drug have included adults.OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of treatment outcomes in patients with paediatric onset MS treated with DMTs.METHODS: Prospective cohort study from the nationwide Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry including all patients with a MS diagnosis who initiated treatment with an approved DMT before the age of 18 (N = 137) and followed until their 25th birthday. Selected baseline predictors were tested in univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: Multivariate analyses showed that being female and having disease duration for 2 or more years prior to DMT initiation predicted a higher relapse rate. In addition, disease duration and baseline expanded disability status scale (EDSS) predicted both confirmed disability worsening and improvement. We found no difference in treatment outcome between children with MS onset before and after the age of 13 years.CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of DMT in paediatric onset MS patients is comparable to that seen in adult onset MS patients. Earlier treatment start is associated with a beneficial prognosis in the paediatric cohort.

AB - BACKGROUND: Disease-modifying therapies (DMT) are increasingly used for children with multiple sclerosis (MS) even though most double-blinded randomized controlled trials evaluating efficacy, safety and dosing strategy of a specific drug have included adults.OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of treatment outcomes in patients with paediatric onset MS treated with DMTs.METHODS: Prospective cohort study from the nationwide Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry including all patients with a MS diagnosis who initiated treatment with an approved DMT before the age of 18 (N = 137) and followed until their 25th birthday. Selected baseline predictors were tested in univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: Multivariate analyses showed that being female and having disease duration for 2 or more years prior to DMT initiation predicted a higher relapse rate. In addition, disease duration and baseline expanded disability status scale (EDSS) predicted both confirmed disability worsening and improvement. We found no difference in treatment outcome between children with MS onset before and after the age of 13 years.CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of DMT in paediatric onset MS patients is comparable to that seen in adult onset MS patients. Earlier treatment start is associated with a beneficial prognosis in the paediatric cohort.

U2 - 10.1177/1352458519846100

DO - 10.1177/1352458519846100

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31081451

VL - 26

SP - 964

EP - 975

JO - Multiple Sclerosis Journal

JF - Multiple Sclerosis Journal

SN - 1352-4585

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 61517142