Predictors of return to work for people on sick leave with depression, anxiety and stress: secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial

Siv-Therese Bjørkedal, Jonas Fisker, Lone Christina Hellström, Andreas Hoff, Rie Mandrup Poulsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Anders Bo Bojesen, Nicole Gremaud Rosenberg, Lene Falgaard Eplov

Abstract

PURPOSE: Knowledge about predictors of return to work (RTW) in people on sick leave with common mental disorders (CMDs) may inform the development of effective vocational rehabilitation interventions for this target group. In this study, we investigated predictors of RTW at 6 and 12 months in people on sick leave with depression, anxiety disorders or stress-related disorders.

METHODS: We have performed a secondary analysis, utilizing data from two RCTs that evaluated the efficacy of an integrated health care and vocational rehabilitation intervention. Data were obtained from mental health assessments, questionnaires and registers. Using Cox regression analysis, the relationship between baseline variables and RTW was analysed at 6 and 12 months after randomization within the group of CMD as a whole and within the subgroups of depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders.

RESULTS: Symptom burden and employment status at baseline predicted RTW in the CMD group (n = 1245) and in the three diagnostic subgroups at both time points. RTW self-efficacy predicted RTW in the depression group but not in the anxiety or stress subgroups.

CONCLUSION: Many predictors of RTW were similar over time and, to some extent, across the CMD subgroups. Findings highlight the need not only to take health-related and psychological factors into account when developing vocational rehabilitation interventions but also to consider workplace strategies and options for support.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Vol/bind96
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)715-734
Antal sider20
ISSN0340-0131
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2023

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