Prediagnosis epilepsy and survival in patients with glioma: a nationwide population-based cohort study from 2009 to 2018

Mirketa Marku, Birthe Krogh Rasmussen, Federica Belmonte, Steinbjørn Hansen, Elisabeth Anne Wreford Andersen, Christoffer Johansen, Pernille Envold Bidstrup

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Considering that epilepsy is common, and knowledge is lacking on its role especially for the prognosis of high-grade gliomas, the objective of this study was to investigate the association between epilepsy prior to glioma diagnosis and survival among glioma patients.

METHODS: In a nationwide population-based cohort study, we included 3763 adult glioma patients diagnosed between 2009 and 2018 according to the Danish Neuro-Oncology Registry. Information on epilepsy was redeemed through Danish Neuro-Oncology Registry, National Patient Registry, and National Prescription Registry. Cox proportional hazard models with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were applied to examine hazard ratios (HRs) for the association between epilepsy (< 1 year prior to glioma including epilepsy at onset; 1-10 years prior to glioma; no prior epilepsy) and risk of death, and whether it differed according to tumor grade and size, performance status, and treatment modalities.

RESULTS: A 32% decreased risk of death in patients with epilepsy within 1 year prior to glioma compared to no prior epilepsy was found (HR = 0.68; CI 0.63-0.75). A favorable prognosis was seen for epilepsy in all glioma grades: II (HR = 0.55; CI 0.39-0.77), III (HR = 0.59; CI 0.48-0.73), and IV (HR = 0.85; CI 0.77-0.94).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with epilepsy within 1 year prior to glioma diagnosis had significant survival benefits compared to patients with no prior epilepsy. This association was significant for both low-grade gliomas (grade II) and high-grade gliomas (grade III and IV). Survival benefits in glioma patients with epilepsy at onset are possibly primarily attributable to tumor-specific histopathology, molecular biomarkers, and early diagnosis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Neurology
Vol/bind269
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)861-872
Antal sider12
ISSN0340-5354
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2022

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