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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
E-pub ahead of print

Post-Transplantation Anemia and Risk of Death Following Lung Transplantation

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Vis graf over relationer

Background: Post-transplantation anemia (PTA) is frequent among solid organ transplant recipients and has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, the prevalence and impact of PTA in lung transplant recipients is still not elucidated. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of adult Danish lung transplant recipients between January 2010 and December 2019. The prevalence and severity of PTA were determined during the first three years post-transplantation. Associations between PTA and selected risk factors were established using uni- and multivariate logistic regression models. Results: A total of 278 patients were included. At one and three years post–lung transplantation the prevalence of PTA was 75% and 52%, respectively. Male sex was associated with increased odds of PTA at all time points (aOR ranging from 2.3, 95% CI 1.1-4.6, P = 0.02 to 5.9, 95% CI 2.6-14, P < .001). Cystic fibrosis was also associated with anemia at one-year post-transplantation (aOR 4.3, 95% CI 1.2-17, P = 0.03). We found no strong associations between PTA and renal function or viral infections. Excess mortality in recipients with moderate or severe anemia compared to patients with mild or no anemia was borderline statistically significant at one-year post-lung transplantation (aHR 2.0, 95% CI 0.9-4.4, P = 0.07). Discussion: Post-transplantation anemia is very common in Danish lung transplant recipients. Male sex and cystic fibrosis are independent risk factors for development of anemia. Further investigation on PTA, the underlying mechanisms, and its clinical impact is needed.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTransplantation Proceedings
ISSN0041-1345
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 17 sep. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

ID: 84660516