Postoperative Treatment of Pain after Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients with Dementia

36 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prior studies have shown that patients with dementia are at risk of receiving insufficient treatment for pain after a hip fracture. We therefore hypothesized that elderly hip fracture patients with dementia received less postoperative pain treatment than those without dementia.

METHOD: All patients (age ≥65 years) who had been operated on for a hip fracture in the Copenhagen University Hospital region in 2009 were included. Data about analgesic use for the first 72 h after surgery were acquired from the hospitals' electronic medication system and linked with information about dementia, comorbidity, and prior drug use.

RESULTS: A total of 1,507 patients were included, of which 296 (19.6%) suffered from dementia. Both groups were equally likely to receive paracetamol and opioids. Patients with dementia received lower doses of oral morphine equivalents during the first [dementia vs. no dementia: 29.0 (26.4-31.8) vs. 34.7 (33.1-36.4) mg, p = 0.001] and second [27.8 (25.4-30.5) vs. 31.2 (29.9-32.4) mg, p = 0.019] but not on the third postoperative day (p = 0.10).

CONCLUSION: The lower doses of opioids may reflect uncertainty about how to treat pain patients with dementia. Further guidance is needed, as inadequate treatment of pain may have adverse consequences.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Vol/bind41
Udgave nummer3-4
Sider (fra-til)181-91
Antal sider11
ISSN1420-8008
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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