Postoperative lordosis distribution index, patient reported outcome measures, and revision surgery following transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

Anders Schack*, Tanvir Johanning Bari, Martin Gehrchen, Benny Dahl, Rachid Bech-Azeddine

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

Objective: Lordosis Distribution Index (LDI) is a new radiographic parameter associated with postoperative residual symptoms in patients undergoing Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF). Recently, it has been applied on patients undergoing instrumented spine surgery, however not correlated to Patient Related Outcome Measures (PROMs). This study investigates whether the obtained the postoperative LDI after TLIF surgery correlates with the clinical outcome measured with PROMs. Methods: This study was based on prospectively obtained data in patients undergoing TLIF throughout 2017 at a Danish university hospital. Medical records and the DaneSpine Database were accessed to obtain preoperative, operative and follow-up data. Primary outcome was Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) 12 months postoperatively. Secondary outcomes included revision rate and additional PROMs. Results: 126 patients were included. 70 patients were classified with normolordosis (56 %), 42 hypolordosis (33 %) and 14 hyperlordosis (11 %). All groups experienced significant radiological changes undergoing surgery. Average reduction in ODI at 12 months postoperatively was −15.3 (±20.0). Minimally clinical important difference was achieved in 68 patients (54.0 %). No significant difference in PROMs between LDI-groups was observed in unadjusted or adjusted analyses. Revision surgery was performed in 8 patients with normolordosis (11.4 %), 7 hypolordosis (16.7 %) and 4 hyperlordosis (28.6 %). Conclusions: We found no significant correlation between postoperative LDI subgroups of normolordotic, hypo- or hyperlordotic patients and the clinical outcome of posterolateral fusion and TLIF surgery. A trend towards lower rate of revision surgery in the normolordotic group compared to the hypo- and hyperlordotic group was observed.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer100251
TidsskriftWorld Neurosurgery: X
Vol/bind21
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2024

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